GRAMMAR: ADVERBS AND TENSE

Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They provide additional information about the manner, time, place, frequency, degree, or reason of an action or state. Adverbs can be used with different tenses to convey specific meanings. Here are some examples:

1. Simple Present Tense:
– She always sings beautifully. (The adverb “always” indicates frequency.)
– They often go to the park. (The adverb “often” indicates frequency.)

2. Present Continuous Tense:
– He is currently working diligently. (The adverb “currently” indicates time.)
– They are slowly walking towards the beach. (The adverb “slowly” indicates manner.)

3. Simple Past Tense:
– She studied hard yesterday. (The adverb “hard” indicates degree.)
– They quickly finished their assignments. (The adverb “quickly” indicates manner.)

4. Past Continuous Tense:
– He was casually chatting with his friends. (The adverb “casually” indicates manner.)
– They were patiently waiting for the bus. (The adverb “patiently” indicates manner.)

5. Simple Future Tense:
– She will definitely arrive on time. (The adverb “definitely” indicates certainty.)
– They may possibly win the game. (The adverb “possibly” indicates possibility.)

6. Future Continuous Tense:
– He will be eagerly awaiting their response. (The adverb “eagerly” indicates manner.)
– They will be actively participating in the event. (The adverb “actively” indicates manner.)

7. Present Perfect Tense:
– She has already finished her homework. (The adverb “already” indicates time.)
– They have successfully completed the project. (The adverb “successfully” indicates manner.)

8. Past Perfect Tense:
– He had previously visited that city. (The adverb “previously” indicates time.)
– They had carefully planned their trip. (The adverb “carefully” indicates manner.)

9. Future Perfect Tense:
– She will have definitely completed the task by tomorrow. (The adverb “definitely” indicates certainty.)
– They will have probably left before we arrive. (The adverb “probably” indicates probability.)

It’s important to note that while adverbs can modify verbs in different tenses, they do not affect the tense of the sentence itself. The tense is determined by the main verb in the sentence. Adverbs simply add more information or describe the action in a particular way.

FEATURES AND FUNCTION, USING ADVERBS IN SENTENCES AND PRESENT TENSE

ADVERBS

An adverbs is a word that adds to our intonation about a verb, about an adjective and about another adverbs.

E.g. Work (verb) rapidly (adverbs)

Extremely (adverbs) beautiful (adjective

Sleeping (verb) soundly (adverb)

FEATURES OF ADVERBS

Frequently adverbs in the category of (adverbs of manner) are formed by adding ly to an adjective.

Examples of these include:

ADJECTIVE                                                          ADVERBS

Anxious                                                               anxiously

Bad                                                                        badly

Cautious                                                              cautiously

Elegant                                                                 elegantly

Unwilling                                                            unwillingly

Vain                                                                       vainly

Weak                                                                    weakly

Quick                                                                    quickly

TENSE (PRESENT TENSE)

What is Tense? This is the form of a verb that is used to  show the time at which the action of a the verbs takes place. One of the tenses in English is the present tense.

What is present tense? The present tense is used to indicate an action now going on or a state  now existing.

A distinction can be made between the habitual present which works habitual or repeated actions or recurring events, and the stature present, which indicates something that is true at all times.

Examples:

  1. He works long hours
  2. She walks to work
  3. The world is round

The simple present tense is used to show an action that occurs always or an occupation.

I eat rice every day.

She sells bread.

EVALUATION

Make each of these an adverbs

  1. QUICK             BRIGHT                 3.            CAREFUL              4.            BAD
  2. GOOD             DEEP                      6.            CLEARER              7.            HARD
  3. TRUE

ASSIGNMENT

PROGRESIVE ENGLISH (PAGE 69) EXERCISE 3A QUESTION 1 – 10

See also

VOCABULARY DEVELOPNMENT (SEXUALITY AND RELIGION) WORDS ASSOCIATED WITH PHOTOGRAGHY)

VOCABULARY DEVELOPNMENT: SYNONYMNS

STRUCTURE : TENSE (simple, present, tense, simple past tense, present perfect tense)

COMPOSITION/ WRITING

COMPREHENSION (THE QUEST FOR HEALTH)

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