Nutrients that are required in a fairly large quantity by the body are referred to as macro nutrients while micro nutrients are required in a very little quantity. All these nutrients perform specific functions in the body and their lack or shortage in our diet results to deficiencies. CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, […]
ANIMAL NUTRITION (FOOD SUBSTANCES) Food is a complex energy-rich organic matter which living organism feed on to obtain nutrients and substances necessary for life. Food substances are classified to six groups (i) Carbohydrate (ii) Protein (iii) Fat and oils (iv) Mineral salts (v) Vitamins (vi) Water and roughages. Carbohydrates These are made up of carbon,
Carbohydrates are naturally occurring organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygenwith oxygen in the ratio 1:2 as in water. The general molelcular formula of carbohydrates is Cx(H2O)y or CxH2yOy. Carbohydrates are generally polydroxyl aldehydes, ketones or any compound that on hydrolysis yields any of the polyhydroxides. They are synthesized in green plants by photosynthesis.
CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are one of the essential macronutrients that play a crucial role in providing energy for the body. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, with a general chemical formula of (CH2O)n, where “n” represents the number of repeating units, or monomers. Carbohydrates come in various forms, including simple sugars like glucose,
CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS WHICH CONSTITUTE LIVING ORGANISMS All matter is made up of chemical elements, each of which exists in the form of smaller units called atoms Some of the elements occur in large amounts in living things These include carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus Elements combine together to form compounds Some of these
Introduction Livestock nutrition: Livestocks are fed for the purpose of production and body maintenance. The edible material given to animals is called food. It is digested, absorbed and utilized in the body. Nutrients are organic and inorganic substances contained in the food materials Components of Food material Water, protein, Carbohydrates, Fats and oils, Vitamins Mineral
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND DIGESTION IN HUMANS Organs that are involved with feeding in humans constitute the digestive system Digestive System and Associated Glands Human digestive system starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. This is the alimentary canal. Digestion takes place inside the lumen of the alimentary canal. The epithelial wall that faces the