SS 2 Agricultural Science (1st Term)

Agricultural Science

FARMING PRACTICES

FARMING PRACTICES The following farming practices have consequences or effects on the soil;   BUSH BURNING This involves the setting of fire on the bushes to clear out the vegetation MERITS It releases potassium and phosphorus as ash It has some sterilizing effect on the soil It stimulate the growth of fresh grass It destroys […]

FARMING PRACTICES Read More »

Agricultural Science

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES Plant nutrients are classified into two, these includes macronutrient and micronutrient.   MACRONUTRIENTS These are mineral elements or nutrients required by crops in large quantities. Examples are: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium and sulphur.   MICRONUTRIENT OR TRACE ELEMENTS These are mineral elements or nutrients required by crops in small

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND NUTRIENT CYCLES Read More »

Agricultural Science

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION These factors are grouped into three, Climatic factor Biotic factor Edaphic factor   CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time. The elements of climate are: rainfall, humidity, light, temperature, drought, wind, sunlight, humidity e.t.c.   RAINFALL Rainfall

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Read More »

Agricultural Science

IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE

IRRIGATION This is the artificial application of water to soil or land for farming purposes.   FACTORS THAT DETERMINES IRRIGATION SYSTEM Availability of water. Slope of the land. Soil type. Type of crop. Size of the farmland.   IMPORTANCE OF IRRIGATION IN CROP PRODUCTION Irrigation softens the soil for tillage operations. It provides moisture in

IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE Read More »

Agricultural Science

FARM MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS

FARM MACHINERY Farm machinery includes various types of machines and implements used in the farm. These include tractor, plough, harrows, cultivators, ridgers, planter, harvesters, shellers, dryer, sprayer, and incubators TRACTOR: It is a powerful and expensive multipurpose motor vehicle used for lifting or pulling farm implements.   IMPORTANT PARTS OF THE TRACTOR The power takes

FARM MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS Read More »

English Language

FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION

The five major factors which control soil formation are: climate, parent materials, topography, biotic factors and time. CLIMATE: Climate is the average weather condition of a place over long period time. The elements of climate are: temperature, rainfall, wind and pressure. Temperature: The alternating cooling and heating of rocks results in continual expansion and contract

FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION Read More »

Agricultural Science

SOIL

MEANING OF SOIL Soil can be defined as the unconsolidated weathered materials found in the upper most layer of the earth surface on which plants grow. It provides support and nutrients for the plants.   TYPES OF SOIL The three types of soil are; Sandy Soil, Clay Soil and Loamy Soil.   SANDY SOIL A

SOIL Read More »

Acadlly
error: Content is protected !!