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Business Studies

Business Studies

BUSINESS LETTER

A BUSINESS LETTER: AN INDISPENSABLE TOOL IN CORPORATE COMMUNICATION A business letter serves as a crucial means of communication between entities, whether it be exchanges among companies or interactions with customers, clients, and external stakeholders. This formal written correspondence plays a pivotal role in maintaining professional relationships and conveying information in the corporate world. The […]

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Business Studies

ERASING TECHNIQUES

Erasing techniques have evolved over time, reflecting the constant human endeavor to correct and refine written or drawn expressions. The concept of erasing goes beyond mere removal; it symbolizes the acknowledgment of mistakes and the pursuit of improvement. In the historical context, before the advent of rubber erasers, alternative methods were employed to rectify errors

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Business Studies

INTRODUCTION TO BOOK – KEEPING

Book – keeping is the systematic recording of daily transactions (cash and credit) in the appropriate book. It is the art of keeping proper accounting records of business transactions. IMPORTANCE OF BOOK – KEEPING Book – keeping serves as a proof in time of doubt or confusion. It helps to determine the profit of the

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Business Studies

CONSUMER AND SOCIETY

Who is a consumer?  A consumer is defined as an individual who buys goods for his personal use. He/she buys goods and services and uses them to his satisfaction. Meaning of Market A market is a place or situation where buyers and sellers come in contact to sell goods and services. A market need not

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Business Studies

LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY

This is a business organisation which has been in corporation. It is an association of individuals who agreed to jointly put their resources together for the purpose of having a business distinct from their owners. It is a legal entity created through state approval and separate its owners. There are two types of limited liability

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Business Studies

PUBLIC CORPORATION

Public corporation is a business organization set up, financed and managed by government not necessarily to make profit but to provide essential services for the members of the public. FEATURES OF PUBLIC CORPORATION It is owned by government It is financed by the tax payers money It is set up to render essentials services to

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Business Studies

SOLE TRADE

SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP Sole trade is the oldest form of business organization. It is a form of business owned, engaged, and controlled by one person to make a profit. Another name for sole trade is sole proprietorship or one–man business. A man/woman who engages in sole trade is known as a sole trader are a shoe

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Business Studies

IMPORTANCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Entrepreneurship is important. It benefits the locality by creating jobs for people and leads to a better standard of living. Entrepreneurship plays a crucial role in the economy and society as a whole. Here are some key reasons why entrepreneurship is important Importance / Advantages of Entrepreneurship 1. Economic Growth and Job Creation: Entrepreneurs are

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Business Studies

ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Entrepreneurship is a self-employed person who puts together all the factors of production to start a new venture. In other words, entrepreneur is a person who organises and manages a commercial undertakings or business undertaking.

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Business Studies

PRODUCTION

Production is the transformation/changing or conversion of raw materials into finished goods. It is the changing of natural resources or raw materials into finished goods, exchange and distributed in order to satisfy human wants. In other words, it is the creation of goods and service. Production is not complete until the goods reach the final

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Business Studies

DEVELOPMENT IN KEYBOARDING

The success of any secretarial personnel is strongly dependent on the effective application of some of the basic typing techniques. The techniques that must be mastered in typing for expedient and neat typing are: Tabular key operation +          Key                       _ Line–space regulator Carriage Return lever Margin release lever Alphabetic Sentence Drills Exercise: You are required

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Business Studies

PRINTER’S CORRECTION SIGNS

Manuscripts are handwritten scripts or document. Manuscripts may contain correction additions, alterations and abbreviations etc. Proof correction signs Symbol Text Sign Meaning Caps/u.c Change letter business studies Capital upper case letter used # lnsert Insert space ~   University Elias_transpose   Elias University          , insert Insert comma Common Abbreviation Abbreviation                           Meaning Abt                                         

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Business Studies

THREE COLUMN CASH BOOK

This is made up of cash column, bank column and discount column on both sides of the cash book. CASH DISCOUNT: This is an allowance received or reduction made when cash is paid promptly. It is classified into discount allowed and discount received. Discount Allowed – Is an allowance or reduction given by the business

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Business Studies

DOUBLE COLUMN CASH BOOK

This is a cash book that takes care of both cash and bank. It is called double column cash book because it has cash and book column on both debit and credit side. The cash column is used for recording cash and cheque received while the credit side is used for recording all payments made

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