SS 3 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)



The primary function of a state or country is to protect the fundamental human rights of its citizens and as a citizen of Nigeria you have the following rights entitled to you:

  1. Right to life
  2. Right to freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading punishment.
  3. Right to freedom from deprivation of personal liberty.
  4. Right to freedom from discrimination on the ground of sex, race or tribe
  5. Right to fair and equal hearing
  6. Right to private and family life.
  7. Right to freedom of movement .
  8. Right to peaceful assembly and association
  9. Right to freedom of expression and the press.
  10. Right to freedom from slavery and forced labour.
  11. Right to freedom from unlawful imprisonment.
  12. Right to ownership of property.
  13. Right to vote and be voted for.
  14. Right to education.



  • Mention your fundamental rights as a citizen of Nigeria.
  • Explain right to fair hearing.


Types of Laws in Existence in Nigeria:

The following are types of laws in existence in Nigeria.

  1. Constitution: This is a body of rules and regulations governing the citizens of Nigeria.
  2. Decrees: Decrees are laws made by the military when they are in power.
  3. Bye-laws: These are laws made by the local governments, public corporations etc
  4. Judicial Precedents: These are important judgments passed and decision taken in our law courts like Supreme Court.
  5. Conventions: These are rules that guide peoples’ behavior which are not written down but people show their disrespect when violated.
  6. Custom and Norms.
  7. International laws: International laws such as the ones made by international organizations like the U.N.O.,A.U., O.P.E.C. etc.



  1. State the types of law in existence in Nigeria.
  2. Differentiate between bye-laws and conventions.



  1. State your fundamental rights as a citizen of Nigeria.
  2. Which constitution is in operation in Nigeria?
  3. Discuss how the government can protect your right to life.
  4. Mention five of your duties to Nigeria.
  5. What is youth empowerment?



  1. Laws made by military government are called
  2. constitution B. decrees C. bye-laws
  3. Laws made by local government in Nigeria are called
  4. constitution B. decrees C. bye laws
  5. The head of the executive in Nigeria is the
  6. President B. Vice President C. Senate President
  7. The upper house of the National Assembly is called
  8. House of Senate B. House of Representative C. House of Assembly
  9. Which organ of government interprets the laws of the country?
  10. The executive B. The Legislature C. The Judiciary



  1. Highlight five limitations to your fundamental human right.
  2. Explain four benefits of these limitations.


See also


Human Rights


Murder and Rape


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