SS 3 Commerce (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

Commerce (SS)

ECOWAS, Niger Basin Commission & Lake Chad Basin Commission

Economic Groupings in West Africa ECOWAS ECOWAS, which stands for the Economic Community of West African States, is a regional intergovernmental organization encompassing 15 countries in West Africa. Established on May 28, 1975, with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos, ECOWAS was formed with the overarching goal of promoting economic integration, political cooperation, and […]

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Commerce (SS)

Capital Market, Stock Exchange & Second Tier Securities Market

Capital Market Capital Market refers to a platform designed for obtaining medium and long-term loans. Its primary purpose revolves around catering to the financial requirements of industries and the commercial sectors. Within this realm, it encompasses all establishments involved in either facilitating the supply of or catering to the demand for extended-duration loans. The overarching

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Commerce (SS)

Indigenization | Meaning, Advantages, Disadvantages & Reasons

Meaning of Indigenization Indigenization refers to a government policy aimed at promoting and increasing the involvement of Nigerian citizens in the ownership and management of business organizations previously owned by foreigners. The objective is to transfer ownership of certain foreign businesses operating in Nigeria to indigenous entrepreneurs, thereby reducing foreign control over the economy. In

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Commerce (SS)

Deregulation | Meaning. Advantages, Disadvantages & Reasons

Meaning of Deregulation Deregulation, a multifaceted and often contentious policy approach, signifies the deliberate and systematic dismantling or relaxation of government-imposed regulations within a designated industry or sector of the economy. These governmental regulations encompass a wide spectrum of controls, encompassing measures such as price controls, entry barriers, quality standards, and numerous others, all intended

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Commerce (SS)

Privatization | Meaning, Advantages, Disadvantages & Reasons

MEANING OF PRIVATIZATION Privatization, a multifaceted economic concept, encapsulates the intricate transformation of ownership and governance structures within various sectors of an economy. This comprehensive phenomenon encompasses the systematic shift of assets, businesses, companies, industries, or cooperative entities away from the domain of public control, typically vested in government entities, towards the realm of private

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Commerce (SS)

Business Documents | Quotation, Price List, Receipt, Invoice, Order

When business transactions occur, certain documents are drawn up and passed from one person to another. These documents are used to effect transactions between buyers and sellers. The documents are explained below; TRADE JOURNAL: This is a publication devoted to a particular branch of retail and wholesale trade. It contains articles on matters of interest

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Commerce (SS)

Consumer Protection | Basis, Consumer Rights, Functions

A consumer refers to an individual who utilizes goods and services for their final purposes. Protection, in this context, signifies safeguarding. Consumer protection is a concept encompassing diverse strategies employed by both governmental bodies and private entities. Its objective is to prevent consumers from being deceived by producers and intermediaries, while also ensuring that consumers

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Commerce (SS)

Business Structure & Organizational Structure

Structure of Business A business structure refers to the legal and organizational framework within which a business operates. It determines how the business is organized, managed, and owned. Different business structures have varying implications for factors such as taxation, liability, decision-making, and overall operational flexibility. The choice of the business structure depends on the nature

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Commerce (SS)

Business Law & Contracts

Business Law Business law encompasses all aspects of legal regulations governing business transactions. Business laws consist of a set of rules that oversee business transactions. These rules pertain to the functioning of business activities. Categories of Commercial Law. The different branches of commercial law include: Law of Contract. Agency Sales of goods. Law of Employment.

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Commerce (SS)

Business Capital | Capital, Credit, Profits, Turnover, Hire purchase

Capital Certainly! The term “capital” has different meanings and implications depending on the context in which it is used, such as economics, accounting, and in everyday language. Economics Definition: In economics, “capital” refers to the assets, resources, or financial wealth that can be used to generate income or production. It can be broadly categorized into

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Commerce (SS)

GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF BUSINESS

This refers to the various ways by which government controls the activities of business organization to ensure social and economic order in the society.  REASONS FOR GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF BUSINESS To raise money through taxes e.g. V.A.T. Education tax etc To protect consumers against exploitation by producers and middle-men eg by ensuring quality products or

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Commerce (SS)

TYPES OF AGENTS And AUCTIONEER

An agent could belong to one of the following classification: Universal Agent – An agent given unlimited or unrestricted power to enter into any type of business contract on behalf of the principal. General Agent – An agent that has authority to act in all matters relating to a particular business. A Commissioned Agent –

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Commerce (SS)

ADVERTISING | TYPES. FACTORS, FUNCTIONS, ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES

Advertising is the branch of commerce which deals with promoting sales of goods, services or ideas through messages that are meant to inform, educate and persuade the general public by means of various methods such as newspaper, radio, television.  FUNCTIONS OF ADVERTISING Creation of demand for goods and services Informing customers about the existence of

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