Plants are living things that can be found in our environment. Plants can manufacture their food by themselves making use of water and energy from sunlight through a process called photo they thesis. Plants take in carbon dioxide produced by animal and give off oxygen that is needed by man for survival Parts of […]
COMPARISON BETWEEN ANIMAL CELL AND PLANT CELL Plant Cell & Animal Cell Cell Specialisation Cells are specialised to perform different functions in both plants and animals Example; Palisade cells have many chloroplasts for photosynthesis Root hair cells are long and thin to absorb water from the soil Red blood cells have hemoglobin which transports oxygen
MODE OF NUTRITION AND PLANT NUTRITION AUTOTROPHIC NUTRITION Plants are referred to as autotrophs, i.e. being able to manufacture their food (Organic compound from inorganic materials such as water, carbon dioxide) Autotrophs generally have two modes of nutrition which are chemosynthesis and photosynthesis (holophytic). HETEROTROPHIC NUTRITION This is a type of nutrition in which
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS All living organisms can be generally classified as plants or animals. However, plants can be distinguished from animals in the following ways: PLANTS ANIMALS 1. Undergo passive movement. Undergo free or active movement with well developed organs of locomotion. 2. Gaseous exchange takes place through the entire body. Gaseous
EXCRETION AND HOMEOSTASIS (PLANT AND ANIMAL) Introduction What is Excretion? Excretion is the process by which living organisms separate and eliminate waste products of metabolism from body cells. If these substances were left to accumulate, they would be toxic to the cells. Egestion is the removal of undigested materials from the alimentary canals of animals.
GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN LEAVES OF TERRESTRIAL PLANTS Gaseous exchange takes place by diffusion. The structure of the leaf is adapted for gaseous exchange by having intercellular spaces that are filled. These are many and large in the spongy mesophyll. When stomata are open, carbon(IV)oxide from the atmosphere diffuses into the substomatal air chambers. From here,
GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN PLANTS AND ANIMALS Necessity for Gaseous Exchange in Living Organisms Living organisms require energy to perform cellular activities. The energy comes from breakdown of food in respiration. Carbon (IV) oxide is a by-product of respiration and its accumulation in cells is harmful which has to be removed. Most organisms use oxygen for
GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN PLANTS Oxygen is required by plants for the production of energy for cellular activities. Carbon (IV) oxide is required as a raw material for the synthesis of complex organic substances. Oxygen and carbon (IV) oxide are obtained from the atmosphere in the case of terrestrial plants and from the surrounding water in