Disk Drive


A drive is a location (medium) that is capable of storing and reading information that is not easily removed, like a disk or disc

A disk drive is a device that reads and/or writes data to a disk. The most common type of disk drive is a hard drive (or “hard disk drive”), but several other types of disk drives exist as well. Some examples include removable storage devices, floppy drives, and optical drives, which read optical media, such as CDs and DVDs.



There are different types of disk drive


These are also called ‘fixed disks’ in ancient computer ase because the storage media is mounted within the computer and not intended to be removed.



Named for the media disks that could be pulled out and that would ‘flop’ when carried. These disks are designed to allow users to store data to a disk, remove it and carry the data elsewhere. These typically come in one of two formats in the United States: 3.5″ @1.44Mbytes and 5.25″ at 1.22 Mbytes. There are a few proprietary types as well, such as Zip drives, DAT tapes etc.


Compact Disk Read Only Memory or CD-ROMs are shiny circular pieces of plastic with a hole in the middle. These look like audio compact disks and computer software and data are stored on them. They are read using a powerful (red) light-emitting diode (LED) that is sometimes called a ‘laser’ and thus the name ‘laser disk’. Compact Disk media is made of pressed layers of plastic and can store about 640 MB of data.



Digital Video Disks were first used to store movies for playback on compact players.



The latest development in data storage and movie disks is Blu-Ray, so called because it uses a blue LED (sometimes called a laser, which is actually something entirely different) to read/write from the disk.



These are drives where the drive itself can be removed or ported elsewhere. The media is usually not pulled out. Removable hard drives are a good example of these.


Position of the floppy disk in the computer

A floppy disk, like a cassette tape, is made from a thin piece of plastic coated with a magnetic material on both sides. However, it is shaped like a disk rather than a long thin ribbon. The tracks are arranged in concentric rings so that the software can jump from “file 1” to “file 19” without having to fast forward through files 2-18. The diskette spins like a record and the heads move to the correct track, providing what is known as direct access storage

Meaning of CD-ROM

This stands for “Compact Disc Read-Only Memory.” A CD-ROM is a CD that can be read by a computer with an optical drive. The “ROM” part of the term means the data on the disc is “read-only,” or cannot be altered or erased. Because of this feature and their large capacity, CD-ROMs are a great media format for retail software.

Strategies & Activities:

Step: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.


Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Say the meaning of disk drive
  2. Identify the different types of disk drive
  3. Locate the position of floppy disk drive in the computer
  4. State the meaning of CD and ROM



  1. What is dick drive?
  2. Identify 3 types of disk Dr
  3. What is the full meaning of CD and ROM


See also

The Processing Device

Computer as an IPO System




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