Family needs are essential things, that is, very important for family members’ health and they cannot do without it. The family members have physical, emotional, mental and social needs.
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Wants are those things you desire though they are not essential for one’s health and well-being. For instance, basic clothing is a need for survival, but extra clothing is wanted. A family may need transport and buy a small car, when they make more money, they may want or desire to buy a bigger one.
A goal is defined as an objective condition or something you desired to achieve or attain at any given period. Family goals are how families live and carry out their family vision and family mission statement. Family goals are a very powerful way to build trust and communication as well as a great way to teach kids how to set and achieve personal goals.
Standard is a scale of measurement of values. They are a set of measures of values used in determining the amount and kind of interest in something and the satisfaction we received. Standards serve as a measure or way of doing things.
TYPES OF NEEDS
- BASIC OR PRIMARY NEEDS: These are needs that are very important needs which the family cannot do without. They are those things which every family must have for survival. These include. Food, housing, clothing and health care.
- SECONDARY NEEDS: These are those things the family wants. They are not as important as the primary needs. The family can therefore exist without the secondary needs, the secondary needs include recreation, personal allowance or pocket money, extra clothing, family care etc.
RELATIONSHIPS AMONG FAMILY NEEDS, GOALS AND STANDARD
Goals like values, play an important role in our lives. Values give meaning to your life and goals on the other hand point to the direction you want your pattern to follow. Thus, it can be said that values and goals are interrelated. Values are the vehicles and goals are the highways used to attain your desired quality of life. Using the kitchen as a selected area of the house, the concept of values, goals and standards can be illustrated as follows:
Value Goal Standard
(Cleanliness) (Well-maintained hygiene) (Cleaning standard)
Value Goal Standard
(Health) (Maintaining good health) (Set standards of food and exercise)
Resource management is the process in which individuals and families use what they have to get what they want. It begins with thinking and planning and ends with the evaluation of actions taken.
- Explain the meaning of needs, goals and standards,2. list and explain the types of family needs
Assignment: State and explain types of the family need with examples