JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

Catering, Home economics, Home management

DECISION MAKING IN THE FAMILY

MEANING OF DECISION MAKING Decision making is the act of making a choice from alternatives courses of actions or things. Decision making can only take place when there are two things to choose from. When you are faced with only one course of action, there will be no decision making. STEPS IN DECISION MAKING The […]

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

FAMILY NEEDS, GOALS AND STANDARDS

Family needs are essential things, that is, very important for family members’ health and they cannot do without it.  The family members have physical, emotional, mental and social needs. Wants are those things you desire though they are not essential for one’s health and well-being. For instance, basic clothing is a need for survival, but

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

COSMETICS PRODUCTS IN NIGERIA | SAFETY, QUALITY AND REGULATORY CONTROL

STANDARD OF ORGANIZATION OF NIGERIA (SON) The Nigerian Standard Organization Acts 1971, established as an integral part of the Federal Ministries of Industries are to carry out the following functions: To designate, establish and approve standard in respect of meteorology, materials, commodities, structures and processes for the certification of products in Commerce and Industries throughout

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

COSMETICS AND DEODORANTS

Cosmetics are make-ups or substances applied on the body, mainly on the face to improve the natural features of the body. Deodorants are substances applied on the skin to prevent or control body odour when a person sweats. Deodorants come in the form of ‘roll-on’, spray or sticks, with different types of fragrances or perfume.

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

PRODUCTION OF CLEANING AGENTS

TYPES OF HOMEMADE CLEANING AGENTS Fine sand: this can be used as an abrasive for cleaning pots. It should not be used on smooth surfaces to avoid scratching. Edo powder: this is a yellow coloured substance that is common in Nigerian markets. It has a fine smooth texture. It can be used for cleaning ornaments

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

THE HOME

A home is a house in which a family lives. A home is therefore an abode or dwelling place for a family. It is more than a house. A home is where the family members can share their interests, joy, love, activities and troubles. It is a place where they can relax, be at ease,

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

THE FAMILY

A family is a group of persons who live together as one and are united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption. Family members are each other kin. TYPES OF FAMILY THE NUCLEAR FAMILY: This is made up of a man, his wife and their children. It is also sometimes called a monogamous family because

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

HEALTHY FEEDING AND EATING PRACTICES

FOOD CONTAMINANTS AND HARMFUL SUBSTANCES Harmful substances refer to contaminated drinks, foods and drugs which are unfit for human consumption. EXAMPLES HARMFUL SUBSTANCES Fake products Expired products Exposed and uncovered products Impure water Poorly cooked foods Burnt food Stale food Rotten food Unripe fruits EFFECTS OF HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IN THE BODY It can become poisons

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

GOOD POSTURE AND EXERCISE

DEFINITION AND MEANING OF GOOD POSTURE Posture means keeping the natural balance of the body aligned. It is the way the body parts are held up or carried when we walk, stand, sit or work. In good posture, the back is kept straight, shoulders pull well, and back and hand held high. IMPORTANCE OF GOOD

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

THE TEETH, HANDS AND FEET

Human beings grow two sets of teeth. The first is the milk or temporary teeth (during childhood) These are 24 in number. They loosen and fall out. They are replaced by permanent teeth (in adulthood). The permanent teeth are usually 32 in number. Structure of the Teeth The crown: the part of the tooth projecting

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

STRUCTURE OF THE SKIN

The skin is the outer covering of the body. It performs a very important function, it is necessary to understand the structure of the skin and how to take care of it. The skin is made up of two main layers, viz: The Epidermis: this is the outer layer; it has no blood vessels or

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

NOSE AND EAR

THE NOSE AND EAR The nose is the organ of smell. The very top of the nose consists of bone. The rest is made of cartilage, small muscles and skin lined with a fine moist mucous membrane. The lining of the membrane contains small glands which produce watery secretion. The secretion keeps the lining moist. 

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

THE HUMAN BODY

SRUCTURES, PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY The human body is made up of different parts. Some parts are inside the body while others are outside. Some parts of the body are the head, eyes, nose, ears, teeth, skin, hands, fingers, nails and feet. THE HAIR AND THE EYES Each hair grows from a

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

HOME ECONOMICS AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CAREERS IN HOME ECONOMICS Foods and Nutrition: Nutritionist Food technologist Dieticians Caterers Bakers Food researchers Home Management: Home keepers Welfare workers Teachers Interior decorator Researchers Counsellors Laundry specialist. Clothing and Textiles Dress makers Cloth retailers Fashion designers Stylist Embroidery maker. HOME ECONOMICS CAREER REQUIREMENTS Home economics careers require education at different levels of education. Home

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

INTRODUCTION TO HOME ECONOMICS

DEFINITIONS OF HOME-ECONOMICS Home-economics can also be defined as a field of study which teaches us how to manage ourselves, our resources and our household. It therefore deals with the management of material and non-material things in the family e.g people, money, food e.t.c. Home-economics can be define as the study of cooking, sewing, laundry

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

DECISION MAKING IN THE FAMILY

Decision Making is the act of making choices. It is the process of selecting option from alternatives.It is the ability to make up one’s mind as regard a particular issue or issues. Decision-Makingtakes place only when there are two or more things to choose from.   IMPORTANCE OF DECISION MAKING It helps to minimise mistakes.

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

PRODUCTION OF CLEANING AGENT

Cleaning Agents are chemicals that aid the removal of dirt from a surface. They produce cleaning effect. CLASSES OF CLEANING AGENTS Solvents: They are substances which remove dirt by liquefying it and holding it in suspension e.g water, grease, etc. Detergents: These include detergents and soaps. They aid the removal of grease. Abrasive Cleaners: These

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