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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

HEALTHY FEEDING AND EATING PRACTICES

MEANING OF FEEDING HABITS Feeding or eating habits are your everyday patterns of eating. It involves the tendency to reach out for foods whenever you are hungry. These habits vary from one person to another and from one locality to another. But it is good to maintain healthy feeding habit by choosing foods which are […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

GOOD POSTURE AND EXERCISE

DEFINITION AND MEANING OF GOOD POSTURE Posture means keeping the natural balance of the body aligned. It is the way the body parts are held up or carried when we walk, stand, sit or work. In good posture, the back is kept straight, shoulders pull well, and back and hand held high. IMPORTANCE OF GOOD […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

THE TEETH, HANDS AND FEET

Human beings grow two sets of teeth. The first is the milk or temporary teeth (during childhood) These are 24 in number. They loosen and fall out. They are replaced by permanent teeth (in adulthood). The permanent teeth are usually 32 in number. Structure of the Teeth The crown: the part of the tooth projecting […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

STRUCTURE OF THE SKIN

The skin is the outer covering of the body. It performs a very important function, it is necessary to understand the structure of the skin and how to take care of it. The skin is made up of two main layers, viz: The Epidermis: this is the outer layer; it has no blood vessels or […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

NOSE AND EAR

THE NOSE AND EAR The nose is the organ of smell. The very top of the nose consists of bone. The rest is made of cartilage, small muscles and skin lined with a fine moist mucous membrane. The lining of the membrane contains small glands which produce watery secretion. The secretion keeps the lining moist.  […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

THE HUMAN BODY

SRUCTURES, PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY The human body is made up of different parts. Some parts are inside the body while others are outside. Some parts of the body are the head, eyes, nose, ears, teeth, skin, hands, fingers, nails and feet. THE HAIR AND THE EYES Each hair grows from a […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

HOME ECONOMICS AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CAREERS IN HOME ECONOMICS Foods and Nutrition: Nutritionist Food technologist Dieticians Caterers Bakers Food researchers Home Management: Home keepers Welfare workers Teachers Interior decorator Researchers Counsellors Laundry specialist. Clothing and Textiles Dress makers Cloth retailers Fashion designers Stylist Embroidery maker. HOME ECONOMICS CAREER REQUIREMENTS Home economics careers require education at different levels of education. Home […]

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JSS 1 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

INTRODUCTION TO HOME ECONOMICS

DEFINITIONS OF HOME-ECONOMICS Home-economics can also be defined as a field of study which teaches us how to manage ourselves, our resources and our household. It therefore deals with the management of material and non-material things in the family e.g people, money, food e.t.c. Home-economics can be define as the study of cooking, sewing, laundry […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

CLOTHIING STORAGE

METHODS OF STORING FAMILY CLOTHING Family clothing can be stored in the following storage spaces: A wardrobe or closet A box, suitcase, bags A chest of drawers or shelves.   WARDROBE OR CLOSET Storing clothes in the wardrobe with the use of good quality plastic hangers is the best method of storing clothes. Some wardrobe […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

CLOTHIING REPAIRS

Garments repair involves two methods. They are darning and patching. DARNING: Darning is a method of repairing or mending thin pieces and small holes in garments. This process involves weaving strong thread into the material to replace or strengthen worn threads. Darning can be done with machines or by hand. STEPS TO FOLLOW WHEN USING […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

CARE OF FAMILY CLOTHING AND HOUSEHOLD LINEN

Household linen is a term used collectively to include a variety of textile articles used in the home. A good supply of household linen is a very necessary item in the home; they are expensive and require good care.   TYPES OF HOUSEHOLD LINEN AND THEIR USES CURTAINS AND DRAPERIES: These are fabrics or materials […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

FLOWER ARRANGEMENT

USES OF FLOWER IN THE FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF THE HOME Flowers add beauty to the room and also provide a pleasing atmosphere Flowers give soothing effect to the room Flowers give sweet fragrance all the time Flowers are pleasing to the eyes, refresh our body and mind Flowers do not only create aesthetic sense but […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

MAINTENANCE OF THE FAMILY HOUSE

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR HOUSEHOLD MAINTENANCE Broom Brushes Dusters Mops Dust pans Dust bins Pails Buckets Carpet sweeper Vacuum cleaner.   GUIDELINES FOR HOUSEHOLD MAINTENANCE GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR HOUSEHOLD MAINTENANCE Always set apart sometimes for daily, weekly and seasonal cleaning of the house. Use the correct house cleaning materials or agents for specific surfaces e.g. abrasives […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

THE FAMILY HOUSE

Family house is a place usually a building where family members live together as one. In any family house, there are different rooms or areas. Each room or area is usually used for different purposes or activities or functions. The rooms or areas of the family house that are furnished and used for different functions […]

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JSS 2 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

MEANING OF A HOME MAKER

A home maker is someone who is responsible for the proper management of the home. A home maker can either be a man or a woman but mostly, a home maker is always a woman. The job of a home maker comes with no salary, benefits or vacation time however; it is one of the […]

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JSS 3 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

SEWING MACHINE | FAULTS, CAUSES AND REMEDIES

SEWING MACHINE FAULTS, CAUSES AND REMEDIES FAULTS  CAUSES REMEDIES 1. Upper thread breaking Machine not properly threaded, needle bent or blunt Thread machine properly check the machine needle and change it if bent or blunt. 2. Lower thread breaking i)Tension too tight ii) Improper threading of button case of shuttle. Check / regulate the tension, […]

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JSS 3 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

THE SEWING MACHINE

The sewing machine is major sewing equipment. It is very important in successful sewing. There are different types and makes of sewing machines. The following are common types of sewing machines. HAND SEWING MACHINE: This is a simply, it is operated just with hand. It requires to be placed on a table. TREADLE SEWNG MACHINE: […]

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JSS 3 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

DRESSES FOR DIFFERENT OCCASIONS

DRESSES FOR DIFFERENT OCCASIONS School clothes Clothes for office work Clothes for household work or activities Clothes for sleeping Clothes for sports, picnics and relaxation Clothes for religious worship Clothes for travelling (journey / trips). SCHOOL CLOTHES Fabric for school clothes should be dirable, washable colourful and comfortable. He style should be loose enough to […]

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JSS 3 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF DESIGN OF FABRICS

THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF DESIGN The basic elements of designs are LINE: This refers to the outline of an object or to the obvious lines within it. SHAPE: This refers to the form of a solid object, which is created when lines are combined. The outline of a garment is its shape. SPACE: This refers […]

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JSS 3 Home Economics (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Family Improvement Home Economics Home Management Home Science

CARE AND HANDLING OF DIFFERENT FABRICS

Reasons for care of clothing To make the clothing last longer. Dirt can damage fabrics To kill any disease-carrying germs and pests in the fabrics To keep the clothes looking clean or better, dirty clothes are unpleasant to look at To save money since clean clothes last longer To ensure that whatever clothes you have […]

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