FLORICULTURE – ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

Floriculture: is a discipline of horticulture that is concerned with the production and management of ornamental plants. Ornamental plants are beautiful trees or shrubs which can be used to decorate our environments.

 IMPORTANCE OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

  1. Sources of employment e.g. florists.
  2. Serves as a source of income.
  3. For expression of love and as gift on special occasions.
  4. For decoration.
  5. For fencing.
  6. For medicinal preparation.
  7. Sources of food.
  8. Purification of the air.
  9. For teaching and learning purposes.
  10. Provision of shades.
  11. Serves as wind breaks.
  12. Beautification of the environment.
  13. Sources of livestock feed.
  14. Serves as tourist centres.
  15. Source of revenue to the government.
  16. For preparation of dyes.

COMMON SPECIES OF ORNAMENTAL TREES, SHRUBS AND FLOWERS

ORNAMENTAL TREES

  1. Frangi pani
  2. Neem cassia
  3. Royal palm
  4. Balsam
  5. Flame of forest
  6. India almond
  7. Casuarinas
  8. Delonix

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS

  1. Allamanda
  2. Crotons
  3. Ixora
  4. Cauliflower
  5. Acalypha
  6. Hibiscus
  7. Wild rose
  8. Bougainvillea
  9. Zinnia
  10. Dutchman’s pipe

ORNAMENTAL FLOWERS

  1. Justicia
  2. Cana lily
  3. Morning glory
  4. Crotalaria
  5. Water lettuce
  6. Lantana
  7. Sun flower
  8. Marigold
  9. Commelina
  10. Clitoria

CULTIVATION OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

The cultivation of ornamental flower includes:

  1. Selection of site that is well drained and easily accessible.
  2. Choice of planting materials which can be seeds or vegetative parts such as stems, roots, leaves (e.g bryophylum) and stolons
  3. Methods of cultivation
  • Use of prepared bed
  • Direct sowing to the soil
  • Use of nylon bag
  • Use of pots
  1. Provision of shades
  2. Organic manuring
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Regular watering

SOURCES OF PLANTING MATERIALS

The planting materials such as seeds, cut stems, leaves, stolons or rhizomes can be obtained from;

  1. Established private horticultural gardens
  2. Higher institution botanical garden
  3. Government owned horticultural centres
  4. Private houses and offices
  5. Imported ornamental trees and flowers
  6. Resort or recreational centres

MAINTENANCE OF HORTICULTURAL PLANTS/FLOWERS

  1. Provision of shades
  2. Regular watering
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Fertilizer application
  5. Fencing
  6. Regular pruning

 GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What are ornamental plants?
  2. List five examples of ornamental flowers
  3. List five examples of ornamental shrubs
  4. List five uses of ornamental plants
  5. Explain five maintenance practice in planting of ornamental crops.

See also

FOREST MANAGEMENT

MEANING OF PASTURES AND FORAGE CROPS | FULL EXPLANATION

LIVESTOCK PARASITES AND THEIR LIFE CYCLES

ANIMAL PROTOZOAN DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

ANIMAL FUNGAL DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

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