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MEANING AND CLASSES OF FOOD

    Meaning of Food

    Food is any substance which when taken into the body, serves to nourish and build up tissues as well as provide needed energy.

    Classes of Food

    There are six classes of food, namely:

    1. Carbohydrates
    2. Proteins
    3. Fats and oil
    4. Mineral salts
    5. Vitamins
    6. Water
    Classes of Food Sources Functions
    Carbohydrate yam, garri, cassava, yam
    flour, maize, wheat, potato
    Provides the body with
    energy
    Proteins meat, beans, fish, soya
    beans, eggs, peanuts,
    cheese, chicken.
    For growth and repair
    of body tissues.
    Fats and oils palm oils, groundnuts oil,
    butter, margarine, sardine,
    pork, egusi oil,
    cod liver oil
    Provides the body with
    heat and energy for
    daily activities.
    Mineral salts milk, meat, liver, cheese,
    vegetable and sea foods
    Proper functioning of
    the body.
    Water rain, spring, brooks,
    vegetables, fruits,
    beverages and tea
    For easy digestion and
    maintenance of body
    fluid.
    Vitamins liver, eggs, fish, oil,
    citrus, and tomatoes
    For protection against
    diseases.

     

    EVALUATION

    1. How many groups can we classify food?
    2. What are the functions of classes of food?

     

    See also

    FOOD AND BASIC FOOD GROUPS

    Rules and Regulations Governing Shot Put

    ATHLETICS: DISCUS

    ATHLETICS: SHOT PUT

    BENEFITS OF RECREATION AND DANCE

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