Melodic Pattern of Traditional Song

Melody is a group of musical notes that are nice to our ears. It is the pleasing sound of music. A sound can be in a falling tone or in a rising tone. The coming together of rising and falling tones gives us melody or good music.


The first thing to note is the tonic solfa. This is made up of eight (8) notes. The tonic solfa is also called the octave. From left to right on the key board, the tonic solfa is: DO RE MI FA SO LA TI DO. This is shortened to d: r: m: f: s: l: t: d:

The tonic solfa is used to give sounds to our songs. They may be used in different keys. The keys are A, B, C, D, E, F, G. They show how high or deep a song or part of it should be.


The keyboard

The keyboard is used to play tunes or melody. These are sounds that are pleasing to the ear. What we play on the keyboard is called keys. We have the black keys and the white keys



Step I: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step II: Teacher introduces the new topic “Melodic pattern of traditional song ”

Step III: Teacher explains what melody is

Step IV: Teacher explains what melodic pattern is

Step V: Teacher draws a keyboard and explains tonic solfa using the diagram

Step VI: Pupils contribute and ask questions



Sing the rhyme: Melody of Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star    d:d: s:s:l:l:s:–

How I wonder what you are   f:f: m:m:r:r:d:–:

Up above the world so high    s:s: f:f:m:m:r:–: 2x

Like a diamond in the sky        d:d: s:s: l:l: s:–:



1 What is melody?

2 The tonic solfa is made up of how many notes?

3 What is the other name of tonic solfa?

4 What is the keyboard used for?

5 What do you play on the keyboard?


See also

Traditional Dance





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