SS 3 English Language (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

English Language

Review of Tenses

Tenses occur only in verbs. Tense refers to the changes that take place in the form of the verb to indicate time. Only two tenses, namely the present and the past, can be identified. The Present Tense: The only change that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate the present tense occurs […]

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English Language

Vowel and the Consonants

Vowels: There are twenty vowels in the English Language. They include twelve pure vowels and eight diphthongs. Pure vowels /i:/ Seat, Cheap, Sheep /i/ sit, chip, ship /e/ set, bread, friend /ᴂ/ Sat, Chat, match /a:/ Far, pass, father /ɔ/ Dog, hot, what /ɔ/ port, Lord, ward /u/ full, pull, would /u:/ fool, pool, coup

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English Language

Requirement of the Examination on Orals

The aspects of oral English tested in the examination include the following: vowels, consonants, rhymes, word-stress, emphatic stress and phonetic symbols. Vowels: There are twenty vowels in the English language. They include twelve pure vowels and eight diphthongs. Consonants: There are twenty four consonants in the English language. They are classified into three groups, place

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English Language

Nominalization of Infinitives | Nouns, Verbs & Clauses

Nominalization is the changing of a part of speech into a noun by the addition of a suffix Verbs                                                                                                    Nouns Advise                                                                                                  advice Apologise                                                                                            apology Authorise                                                                                            authority Choose                                                                                                 Choice Fail                                                                                                         failure Fix                                                                                                          fixture Hate                                                                                                      hatred Enjoy                                                                                                     enjoyment Know                                                                                                    knowledge Live                                                                                                        life Oppose                             

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English Language

Formal & Informal Letters

Formal Letters These are letters we write to people in their official positions. Features of a formal letter Writer’s Address and Date: This is written at the top right hand corner. The date is written beneath the address. Receiver’s Address: This is written at the left hand corner beneath the writer’s address. Salutation: The acceptable

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English Language

Contrasting stress

The stressing of a particular word more than other words in a sentence is referred to as emphatic or contrastive stress. Such as a stress normally have its implications in terms of the meaning of the sentence. Examples JAMES borrowed the novel (i.e James not anybody else borrowed it) James BORROWED the novel. (i.e. James

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English Language

Direct and Indirect Speech

Direct Speech: This refers to the quoting by a speaker or writer, of the actual utterance of another speaker or writer. This is usually indicated by the use of quotation marks, opening and closing. Examples Obioma said, ‘I will return next month, by the grace of God.’ In the word of Shakespeare ‘Uneasy lies the

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English Language

Speech Writing

Characteristic of a written speech Formal Salutation (vocatives); There is always an audience to be addressed. In formal situations, people are usually appointed to perform one function or the other. Social ethics demand that you recognize and accord due respect to those at the high table and other dignitaries present at the occasion. The use

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English Language

UNSEEN POEM

INTRODUCTION TO THE UNSEEN POEM (I)        Features of unseen poem (ii)        The unseen poem must be short (iii)       Use simple language. For example   I hear a sudden cry of Pain! There is a rabbit in a snare Now I hear the cry again But I cannot kill from where   But I cannot tell

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English Language

INTRODUCTION TO THE UNSEEN PROSE

Features of unseen Prose .           The following are some of features of unseen prose. (i)         Suspense: This technique involves the creating of expectation through       deliberate delay of information. It is commonly used to provoke reader             participation. (ii)        Flash back: This is a narrative techniques use to bring into focus earlier      occurrence in

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English Language

Stress in Word of Seven Syllable

Stress in Word of seven syllable and in compound words Stress in an important feature of speech which create special problem to many Nigerian speak of English. As the air stream flow during speech, we exert some effort for the production of the sounds. Some syllable are uttered with greater breath effort and muscular energy

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English Language

REPORT WRITING

A report is a farm of writing that tells or narrate story. There are two basic types or reports. These are: Official Report and Private Report. An example of official report An accident which happened near you, which  you watched very closely The report of preceding of a meeting in which some formal resolution were

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English Language

MODALS

These verbs cannot be used as lexical (or principal) verbs. Modal Auxiliary verbs are as follows: Ought to, might, need, used to, shall, should, world, may, can, could, will, must. (a)        OUGHT TO: We can use it to denote logical necessity. E.g. you ought to   respect your Parent (b)        MAY: It is used to

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English Language

CONSONANT

The English consonant are (24) twenty four. A consonant is a speech sound which is produced with obstruction of airstream. The obstruction could be “partial” or “table”. For instance, when consonant like /p/ is produced, the flow of air is obstructed by the lips. The obstruction here is called a total obstruction because the flow

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English Language

LEXICAL AND AUXILASRY VERBS

Auxiliary verb are helping verbs. They help other both affirmative and negative sentence, meaning they are not use alone in sentences. They are also to ask question. Primary Auxiliaries: They are used with other verbs to show tense and number in sentence. They include: be, am, is, was, were, being, been, has, have, having, had,

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English Language

FIGURES OF SPEECH

“’’’Figure of speech” refers to the speech or expression which carry the picture of something to the people. There are many figures of speech in English Language but I would like to treat only the commonest ones. SIMILE This is a direct comparison between two essentially unlike things. Simile are introduced by ‘like’ and ‘as’.

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English Language

ESSAY WRITING

ARTICLE  An Article is written specifically for publication in news paper or a magazine. This implies that you must write with the reader in mind. The purpose of writing article  are as follows: (i)         To educate or inform (ii)        To prove a case or argue a point. (iii)       To entertain or Amuse (iv)       To provide

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