Belong to the family of animals called hoofed animals, reared majorly for meat and milk. Humped cattle are scientifically called Bosindicus, while humpless cattle are called Bostaurus. They may or may not have horns.
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Characteristics of cattle
- They have large body size
- They belong to the family of mammals called Bovine
- They are mammals because they give birth to their young ones alive.
- They are ruminants
- Male and female cattle possess horns
- A female cow can produce one calf a year (gestation period is 283 days)
- Beef cattle are usually stocky, i.e. has a lot of flesh/meat while dairy cattle are usually bony.
- Cattle generally feed on forage crops.
Breed of cattle includes sokoto gudali, keteku, red bororo, N’dama, muturu, white Fulani etc.
Sheep also belongs to the family of hoofed animals. They are reared in all countries and provide meat (mutton), milk and wool for man’s use.
Characteristics of Sheep
- They are ruminant animals
- They are mammals.
- They possess or have medium body size with long legs
- They possess long and droopy earlobes
- Usually reared for its meat, wool, leather, milk and fleece.
- Male sheep have horns while the female are polled (don’t have horns).
- They mostly give birth to twins and can give birth to its young ones up to three times in two years (gestation period is 150 days).
- They possess long, thick tails which hang down.
Breed of sheep includes ouda, yankasa, balami etc.
Goat also belongs to the family of hoofed animals. They are reared in all countries and provide meat (chevon) and milk man’s use.Goats are important animals because: they can adapt to harsh environments, it can survive on anything including wastes, it is resistant to wide variety of diseases and high temperature in the tropics, it can fend for itself.
Characteristics of Goats
- They possess medium body size
- Both male and female goats possess horns
- They are tough animals and are able to withstand unfavourable weather conditions
- They are kept for the production of meat, milk and skin.
- Male goats have beards
- It can give birth to its young ones up to three times in two years (gestation period is 150 days).
- It can survive by feeding on almost any available food including kitchen waste.
Breeds of goat are sokoto red, angora, west African dwarf, kano brown etc.
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS
- State five characteristics of each of these animals.
- State four features of a goat.
- Humped and humpless cattle are called _________ and ____________.
- Cattle belong to which family of animals?
- Which animal can best adapt to harsh weather condition A.Sheep B.Cattle C.Goat
- Which of these animals possess long and droopy earlobes A.Cattle B.Goat C.Sheep
- Meat from cattle is called A.Beef B.Pork C.Mutton D.Red-meat.
- Humpless cattle are called A.BosthaurusBosTaurusC.BosTaurrusD.Bostaurus
- One distinctive feature between a male and female goat is thatA.male goats have beardsB.female goat have beardsC.male goat have hornsD.female goat have udder
- Mention two characteristics of sheep.
- State three importance of goats.