A graphic package, or graphics package, is a software application or suite of programs specifically designed for creating, editing, and manipulating visual elements such as images, illustrations, and designs. These packages are used by graphic designers, artists, and other professionals to create various types of digital graphics for a wide range of purposes, including print, web, animation, and multimedia projects.
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Graphic packages offer a wide array of tools and features to facilitate the creation and editing of visual content. They typically include tools for image editing, drawing and painting, typography, vector graphics, and more. These tools allow users to manipulate and enhance images, create original artwork, design layouts, and apply various effects and filters.
Some popular examples of graphic packages include Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program), and Affinity Designer. These packages provide a comprehensive set of features and are widely used in the industry. However, there are also other graphic packages available, each with its own set of features and capabilities.
Graphic packages are essential tools for graphic designers, digital artists, web designers, and anyone involved in creating visual content. They provide a powerful and versatile platform for unleashing creativity and bringing visual ideas to life.
There are two main types of graphics packages
- painting packages
- drawing packages
- A painting package is a graphic application that can be used for processing photographs by manipulating features like colors, effects, brightness, etc
- A painting package produces images by changing the colour of pixels on the screen.
Advantages of painting packages
- The main advantage offered by this type of graphic is that it can be used for adjusting and beautifying photographs
Disadvantages of painting packages
- Individual parts of an image cannot be resized;
- only the whole picture can be increased or decreased in size.
Examples of graphics packages that produce bitmapped images include:- MS Paint, PC Paintbrush, Adobe Photoshop, and JASC’s Paint Shop Pro.
- A drawing package produces images that are made up of coloured lines and shape such as circles, squares, and rectangles.
- When an image is saved it is stored in a vector graphics file as a series of instructions, which can be used to recreate it.
The main advantages of vector graphics are:
- They use less storage space than bitmap graphics;
- Each part of an image is treated as a separate object, which means that individual parts can be easily modified.
Disadvantages of drawing packages
- They don’t look as realistic as bitmap graphics.
Examples of drawing graphics packages
include CorelDraw, Micrographix Designer, and computer-aided design (CAD) packages such as AutoCAD.
Common features of graphics packages
- Drawing straight lines and ‘freehand’ lines;
- Drawing regular pre-defined shapes like squares, rectangles, and circles using a special ‘tool’;
- Entering text and changing the style and size of the font;
- Changing the size of an object, or scaling;
- Rotating objects either clockwise or anticlockwise by specifying the direction and angle of rotation;
- Stretching objects either horizontally or vertically. ‘Flipping’ is an object either horizontally or vertically.
- A paint palette from which different colours and patterns can be chosen.
- A fill option for colouring in a shape or area on the screen with a colour or pattern from the paint palette.
- Most graphics packages have a built-in library of clipart pictures.
- Zoom or magnify is a feature that allows an area of the screen to be seen close up for detailed work.
- Special brushes such as an airbrush can be used to achieve different paint effects on the screen.
- In most graphics these features are chosen from a toolbar or tool palette where they are displayed as icons.
- Define Graphic Package?
- Mention the two types of Graphic Package
- Explain the Painting Package
- Explain the drawing Package