VOCABULARY DEVELOPNMENT: SYNONYMNS (WORDS EXACTLY THE SAME INMEANING AND WORDS THAT ARE NEARLY THE SAME)
Synonyms are words that are nearest in meaning, for example, odour, smell, scent,. Note that it is very rare indeed for two words to have exactly the same meaning. If it does happen, the tendency is for one to drop completely out of use and be totally forgotten. Consider these examples.
Table of Contents
Here are some synonyms for common words:
1. Big: Large, enormous, huge, massive, gigantic.
2. Small: Little, tiny, petite, minuscule, compact.
3. Happy: Joyful, delighted, pleased, content, cheerful.
4. Sad: Unhappy, sorrowful, melancholy, gloomy, mournful.
5. Beautiful: Attractive, lovely, stunning, gorgeous, exquisite.
6. Ugly: Unattractive, hideous, repulsive, grotesque, unsightly.
7. Good: Excellent, great, fine, wonderful, superb.
8. Bad: Terrible, awful, poor, lousy, dreadful.
9. Funny: Hilarious, amusing, comical, entertaining, humorous.
10. Serious: Grave, solemn, earnest, somber, thoughtful.
11. Smart: Intelligent, clever, brilliant, knowledgeable, wise.
12. Stupid: Dumb, foolish, ignorant, senseless, brainless.
13. Fast: Quick, rapid, swift, speedy, expedient.
14. Slow: Gradual, leisurely, unhurried, sluggish, tardy.
15. Old: Ancient, aged, elderly, mature, senior.
16. New: Fresh, novel, modern, innovative, recent.
17. Brave: Courageous, bold, fearless, valiant, heroic.
18. Cowardly: Timid, fearful, spineless, craven, faint-hearted.
19. Love: Adore, cherish, admire, treasure, affection.
20. Hate: Detest, loathe, despise, abhor, revile.
Painting, drawing, portrait, print, and sketch.
These are all words for a scene, person, or thing that has been represented on paper by drawing, painting e.t.c
Picture: a scene, person or thing that has been represented on paper using a pencil, a pen or paint. Sentence: The children were drawing pictures of their pet
Drawing: A picture that has been made using pencil or pen, not pant Sentence: This is a pencil drawing/ charcoal drawing.
Portrait: a painting, drawing or photograph of a person, especially of the head and shoulders. Sentence: The portrait of Nelson Mandela.
Note : A self –portrait (is a painting that you do yourself)
Paint : A picture that has been copied from a painting using photography. Sentence: The printed copy is out.
Sketch: A simple picture that is drawn quickly and does not have many details. Sentence: I usually do a few very rough sketches before I start on a painting.
The following exercise contain synonymous expression. Keep them apart by choosing the appropriate one in each context
Synonyms ( Arrange, organize, plan)
We were taught that to write a good essay, we must first organize our ideas logically. And, darling, before we buy anything, let’s plan the kitchen on paper. I shouldn’t be telling you that because as a Librarian, you are familiar with how to arrange books in alphabetical order. But could you arrange a meeting with the members of my family for Monday, please?
Give the meaning of the following words and use them in sentences