TENSE (simple, present, tense, simple past tense, present perfect tense)

TENSE (simple, present, tense, simple past tense, present perfect tense, past perfect tense, present continuous present perfect continuous tense.


The words time and tense are not synonymous. Time stands for a concept with which all humans are familiar. Time is divided into past, present, and future. Time is independent of language. Tense stands for a verbs form or series of verb forms used to express a time relation. Tense vary in different languages. Tense may indicate whether an action, activity, or state is past, present, or future.

  1. THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: This is used to show an action that occurs always or an occupation. (a) They work hard (b) she sells rice
  2. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: Is used for an action that took place in the past. (a) They worked hard (b) She sold bead a year ago
  3. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE: Is used for an action which has just finished. It is formed by using has  or have  and a past No definite time such as yesterday, last year, or at 4 o’clock should be used with has  or have. (a) They have really worked hard (b) She has just sold some bread
  4. THE PAST PERFCT TENSE: Is used to indicate than an action took place before another in the past. It is formed by using had and a past participle. (a) When she had sold bread she went home. (b) Before the supervisor arrived, they had worked very hard.
  5. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE: Is used for an action that is going on now. Now that you should always show that the action is still going on as at the time of reporting in ïng”. (a) She is selling bread to a customer (b) They are working hard.
  6. THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE: Is used to show an action that began sometime ago and is still going on. (a) She has been selling bread for three years. (b) They have been working


Select the right option from these questions

  1. Are you deaf? I asked you… (a) how old are you (b) how old is your age (c) how old you were (d) what is your age.
  2. We would have many geniuses if students ….(a) are always reading (b) can read more often (c) are willing to read always (d) would read more often
  3. Sometimes I wish my husband ——(a) doesn’t snore so badly (b) didn’t snore so badly (c) won’t snore so badly (d) will stop snoring when he sleeps.
  4. Would your parents like it —(a)if I am to visit you more often? (b) you are to visit me more often? (c) I visited you more often? (d) if I visit you less often?
  5. Who —-? Because now we can’t use it to hold water (a) had broken the jug (b) has broken the jug (c) could break the jug (d) wanted to break the jug.


With two examples (each) in sentences explain yhe following tenses

  1. The present perfect continuous tense
  2. The present continuous tense
  3. The past perfect tense.

    See also




    Structure – Making Uncountable Nouns Countable

    Essay Writing – Articles

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