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JSS 1 Agricultural Science (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Agricultural Science (All Classes) Agricultural Science (Primary Classes)

FARM ANIMALS

Criteria for classifying farm animals and classes Size Habitat Reproduction Stomach type Uses   Animal husbandry is the science of breeding and caring for farm animals. The farm animals being cared for are referred to as livestock. There are five categories of livestock based on some criteria. Animals can be classified according to their sizes, […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

FORMS OF ENERGY

Energy is the ability to do work or get work done. Energy is used to lift things, to heat up our food, give us light, power the car and generators etc. A machine is an energy changer. It changes one form of energy into another more useful form. Something only happens when energy is changed […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

MEANING AND TYPES OF BUILDING

MEANING OF BUILDING Building is a structure with walls and a roof, such as a house, factory, school, church, mosque, shop etc. Shelter is one of the basic needs of life. A shelter is a basic architectural structure or building that provides protection from the local environment. Having a place of shelter, of safety and […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

MEANING OF SHAPE CONSTRUCTIONS

Shapes can be flat and 2-dimensional, like a rectangle or a triangle. However, shape construction is the making of 3-dimensional shapes such as cylinder, cone, funnel, box, etc. using paper. Materials can be reshaped. There are different methods used in shape construction such as: folding and bending. The various materials used in shape construction will […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

USES OF ICT GADGET

ICT gadget makes work and communication easier and faster. It helps individuals and organizations grow. ICT gadgets increase productivity. It allows people to work at home and anywhere. It brings people together. For family and friends and other business partners. It makes teaching and learning more easier. They are used for entertainments.   STRATEGIES AND […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

MEANING AND COMMON ICT GADGET

IDENTIFICATION OF ICT GADGET ICT are the initials of information and Communication Technology. This is an important part of modern living. ICT gadgets transmit and receive information. For example, mobile phone, television, radio, etc.   ICT Gadgets are devises used for transmitting and receiving information. It enables individuals and 0rganisation (companies. Governments, and educational establishment) […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY

MEANING OF TECHNOLOGY Technology means any inventions, including tools, machines, materials, techniques, and sources of power that makes work and lives easier for people. Computers and mobiles are not only technology. Technology is whenever people used knowledge to create a new thing to solve existing problems.   Technology makes it easy to matches and lighter […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

MEANING OF FARM RECORD

A farm record is a document (in most cases a book) that is used to keep account of different activities, events, materials etc. regarding the farm operations. Most Nigerian and African farmers don’t keep farm records and accounts, so they have poor farm management. Mainly, it is influenced by the fact that most of the […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

SIGN OF ILL – HEALTH IN CHICKEN

A disease can spread rapidly among chickens like any other farm animals because they are usually kept together in a cage, sharing the food and water trough. This makes it easy for disease to spread from the sick and infect the healthy chickens. SIGNS OF ILL – HEALTH IN CHICKEN The most common signs of […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

POULTRY – CHICKEN

Poultry are domesticated bird kept by humans for eggs, their meat or their features. Chicken is the most common type of poultry in the world. They are one of the cheapest sources of meat and can be kept by anyone, even at the back of the house. TYPES OF CHICKEN Eggs laying chicken Table meat […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

POULTRY (CHICKENS)

MEANING OF POULTRY Poultry are domesticated bird kept by humans for eggs, their meat or their features. Chicken is the most common type of poultry in the world. WAYS OF REARING CHICKEN Traditional method Modern method IMPORTANCE OF POULTRY Source of income Provision of eggs Provision of meat Provision of raw materials Provision of poultry […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION – RABBIT REARING

Rabbits belong to the group of farm animals referred to small stock. If raised under suitable conditions, their products can be very high. Many people keep rabbits as a hobby while some keep them to make money. RABBIT REARING Male – buck Female – doe Baby – kit   CHOICE OF RABBIT FOR REARING Ability […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

Meaning of Weed

Description of a Weed There are numerous definitions of a weed, including: a plant out of place and not intentionally sown a plant growing where it is not wanted a plant whose virtues have not yet been discovered. (R.W.Emerson) Plants that are competitive, persistent, pernicious, and interfere negatively with human activity (Ross, et. al.) Cultural […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

MAINTENANCE OF FARM AND ANIMAL TOOLS

The following are ways we can care and maintain crop and animal farm tools in other for them to work effectively and prevent them from getting damaged. Clean the tools after use by washing and drying them under the sun or in a cool place. Use the tools for the purpose for which they are […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

Simple Farm Tools

Farm tools are instruments we use in the farm to aid us in farm work, thereby making it easy. Such equipment include cutlass, wheel barrow hoe, shovel and axe. DESCRIPTION OF SIMPLS FARM TOOLS PICK AXE The pick axe is made up of a long wooden handle with a double headed thick metal blade that […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

Animal Farm Tools

ANIMAL FARM TOOLS AND THEIR USES Animal farm tools Fishing nets Traps iii. Hook and line Basket Watering troughs Feeding troughs, etc. Major uses of Animal Farm Tools Drinking trough: Holds water or drugs for animals. Feeding trough: Holds feeds (foods) or drugsfor animals iii. Fishing net: It is used for catching and collecting fish […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

Farm tools

FARM’S TOPIC TODAY IS SIMPLE FARM TOOL Simple farm tools are tools or simple machines that are used on the farm to make it easier for farmers to use. There are many tools used on farms that are not “farm only” or that is assigned to a particular use like that of shovels, brooms ,rakes […]

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Basic Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes) Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Basic Science Biology

Classes of food

A carb is a macronutrient—a sugar, starch or fiber found in grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. They’re hard to avoid and they’re one of the most basic food groups humans need to stay alive.   Sources of Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are found in a wide array of both healthy and unhealthy foods—bread, beans, milk, popcorn, […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

How to raise livestock

PROCEDURE FOR REARING ANIMALS Construct a house or provide Provide shelter Provide necessary rearing equipment Buy young animal to rear Provision of food Provision of water daily Provide medication when necessary Clean the house regularly Routine check by veterinary personnel Removal of sick and dead animals Sell of slaughter when matured   Strategies & Activities: […]

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Agricultural Science (Primary Classes) Agricultural Science (All Classes)

Dirty environment and starvation

A dirty environment is an unhygienic environment that is harmful to both man and animals, dirty environment are made of dirty materials or substances   MEANING OF STARVATION Starvation is a lack of food. Animals need to feed well in order to grow well. EFFECTS OF DIRTY ENVIRONMENT ON POOR GROWING ANIMALS The heath of […]

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