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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

Democracy | Types, Features, Institutions & Pillars of Democracy

What is Democracy? Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people, either directly or through elected representatives. It is a form of governance where citizens participate in decision-making processes, have the right to vote, and have the ability to shape the policies and laws that govern them. In a […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

Consumer Rights and Responsibilities

Consumer rights and responsibilities refer to the set of entitlements and obligations that individuals have when engaging in economic transactions as consumers. These rights and responsibilities aim to protect consumers from unfair practices, ensure their safety, and promote fair and transparent business interactions. Here are some key consumer rights and responsibilities: The Right to Safety […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

Protection of Human Rights & Rule Of Law

Definition Protection of human rights and the rule of law are fundamental principles that form the basis of a just and equitable society. Let’s explore each of these concepts in more detail: 1. Human Rights: Human rights are inherent to all individuals, regardless of their race, gender, nationality, religion, or any other characteristic. They encompass […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

PUNISHABLE OFFENCES AND PUNISHMENT FOR BREAKING THE LAW

People commit lots of offenses in their activities or relationships with others that are punishable by law. There are various types and degrees of offenses commensurate with their punishment. There are two classes of offenses (1) Criminal offenses and (2) Civic offenses CRIMINAL OFFENCES: There are severe offences with severe penalties. Though citizen must be […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

THE RULE OF LAW

Law is the set of rules and regulations by which a society is governed to maintain peace and orderliness. The rule of law means the supremacy of law over the citizens in a country. The equality of every citizen before the law and the presence of individual rights. A.V. Dicey propounded the doctrine that leaders […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

Relationship between Federal, State and Local government

Federal, State, and Local government in the United States The relationship between the federal, state, and local governments in the United States is defined by a system known as federalism. Federalism is a principle that divides power and authority between the national government (federal government) and the individual state governments, allowing each level to have […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Creative and Common Art (CCA)

CHARACTERISTICS OF FEDERATIONS

The following are some of the characteristics of a federation, Separation of powers: governmental powers are shared between federal and state government according to the constitution. Written and rigid constitution: a federation usually has a written and rigid constitution Existence of bicamerical legislature: there are two houses at the central, the house of representations and […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

NIGERIA AS A FEDERATION

A federation or a federal system on in which there is constitutional division or three tires of government (Federal, State/region and local government). In a federation, the central (federal in Nigeria) represents the whole country and act on behalf of all in common matters like defence, external affairs, currency, and national revenue and so on. […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

Attributes of a Courageous Persons

The following are some of the attributes a courageous person: Commitment: a courageous person should always be hardworking and very loyal Endurance : a courageous person should be able to tolerate suffering ,pain and hardship without complaining Determination : a courageous person should have a strong feeling or desire to achieve results or goals Steadfastness: […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

What is courage

Courage is the ability to do something difficult even when there’s risk. Courageous people do and say what they think is right despite opposition.   Types of courage Moral courage is the courage to take action for moral reasons despite the risk of adverse consequences. It is also the willingness to say the truth at all times and do the […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

School Rules

General School Rules Be punctual, report to school and class on time. School begins at 8:00 a.m. Strive to be present every school day. In case of absence, parents should call the school in the morning of the absence and notify the teacher in writing upon the student’s return to school. Respect each other at […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Creative and Common Art (CCA)

DISCIPLINE

Discipline is the ability to behave and worn is a strict standard and controlled form which involves obeying particular rules or pattern of behaviour even in a difficult situation. It is the attitude of doing the right thing at the right time. Peace and harmony prevails in societies when the citizens are disciplined.   ATTRIBUTES […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

EFFECTS OF LACK OF CONTENTMENT

Some of such problem that lack of contentment breeds in our society includes: THEFT: Lack of contentment leads to stealing, a child that lack contentment will steal from his friend money in school in order to live and look like them. PROSTITUTION: woman lacking contentment are easily lured into prostitution because she wants to acquire […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

CONTENTMENT

Contentment is the quality of being satisfied with what one has or the situation one find himself while hoping and working towards a better function. A contentment person will not envy another person as he is satisfied with what he has. He’s humble disciplined. ATTRIBUTES OF CONTENTMENT SATISFACTION: A contented person is always satisfied with […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

NEEDS FOR PEOPLE OF INTEGRITY

There are needs for people of integrity in our society because of the following reason: The need for community development, only people of integrity will not compromise standard and this can actually bring about growth and development in a community. To bring about peaceful co-existence into the community, that is only the men and women […]

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JSS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term) Civic Education (All Classes)

INTEGRITY

Integrity is the ability to stand on one’s word or promise. Irrespective of situation and circumstances one faces. It is the quality of being honest and having strong moral, principles, norms, values and belief on how we relate to people, community and our nation. ATTRIBUTES OF INTEGRITY The following are the attribute of integrity: Contentment […]

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