The word noun is derived from a Latin word “nomeri” (a name). a noun can therefore, simply be defined as the name of anything. It may be concrete, real or tangible such as Ayo, Lagos, Book, Teacher, Pupil, Water etc. It may be abstract, intangible or imaginary such as Hope, Fear, Belief, Wish, Idea, Thought, Love etc.


A noun can play the role of either the subject or object of a verb. It could also be the object of a preposition or even a complement in a sentence. The role also indicates it position in a sentence.


Subject of a verb: Lagos is a busy city

Object of a verb: The girl loves the boy

Object of a preposition: John put the car in the garage

Complement of the verb “is” or its varieties as am, are, was, were: Stella is a teacher


There are basically two types of noun: proper and improper or common nouns.

Proper nouns are names given to specific people, places, things, days and months.


Ayo, Audu, Emmanuel, Ibadan, Ghana, Europe, The Guardian, Mr. Biggs, UBA Plc, Friday Wednesday, January, December etc.

Improper or common nouns do not refer to anything specific, they can refer to one in a group, count or mass concrete or abstract. Thus we can have varieties of common nouns such as: –

  1. Collective:– The name of a group of people or things considered as a unit e.g flock, team, crew, crowd, army, furniture.
  2. Concrete: – The name of what can be touched or felt e.g book, teacher, biro, cloth, table radio etc
  3. Abstract: – The name of what cannot be touched or felt e.g hope, love, poverty, honesty, fear etc
  4. Countable: – The name of a thing that may be counted e.g house, student, three, car clock etc.
  5. Uncountable: – The name of a thing that may not be counted e.g water, salt, oil ink etc   

 See also:


STRUCTURE | Clauses – Subordinate and Insubordinate

Structure: Affixation: Suffixes

Structure: Idioms

Vocabulary Development: Hotel & Catering

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Move to Study in the US, UK

error: Content is protected !!