Recreation: Leisure and dancing activities

Dance: local dances and examples, reason why People dance


What is dance? Dance is expressive movement of turning, twisting and rolling of the body (parts) to conform to the rhythm of a sound, beat or music. It is a way of expressing our inner feeling of joy and happiness.

Traditional music or dance Traditional music or dance is of ethnic origin. Ethnic dance is a dance belonging to a particular race or tribe. In Nigeria, such dance is referred to as forming part of our cultural heritage.


List of costumes for various traditional dances

1 Aso oke   – Native wear

2 Akwu ete – Native wear

3 Akun  – Necklace

4 Ileke –  Beads

5 Jigida – Beads

6 Fila – Cap

7 Gele – Head gear

8 Irukere – Horse tail

9 Achi – Native wear

10 Otogbo – Native wear


Kinds of dance (including tradi- tional Nigerian dance)

1 Koroso dance

2 Swange dance

3 Zarawa dance

4 Tera dance

5 Tangale dance

6 Apala dance

7 Dundun dance

8 Bata dance (Yoruba)

9 Atilogwu (Igbo)

10 Fuji dance and juju dance (Yoruba)

11 Sharo dance (Fulani)

Demonstration of traditional/cultural dances Nigeria has so many cultural dances which differ from one ethnic group to the other. Examples are:

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1 Atilogwu (Igbo)

Bata Dancers                                                                       Atilogwu Dancers



1) Great way to exercise and stay fit

Dance is a great way to stay in shape. If you don’t like the gym, dancing can bring fun back into the exercise.

2) Burn calories

Dancing is all about moving your body and moving your body is a great way to burn calories. How many will you burn depends on how vigorously you dance. In an one-hour session you can burn from 250 to 400 calories.

3) Improved health

Dance can effectively promote good health by improving cardiovascular fitness, strengthening the muscles, increasing circulation, decreasing blood pressure, lowering the risk of coronary heart disease, reducing stress, and many other positive benefits

4) Good for bones and joints

Dance is a weight-bearing activity, meaning it’s great for your bones. Weight-bearing exercises have been proven to increase bone density and help reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

5) Build confidence

Dance builds confidence by giving you a sense of success and achievement when you master it.

7) Lifts your mood

Any exercise can raise your spirits by raising the endorphins or so called feel good chemicals. This can lighten your mood and reduce the risk of depression.

8) Improved overall well-being

Dance has an outstanding positive effect on both physical and psychological well-being.



Strategies & Activities

Step: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher endeavors to explain all the points to the pupils thoroughly.

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.


Assessment & Evaluation

1  Name three types of local dance.

2 List the costumes for each of the dances.

3 Describe the dance steps for three local dances.


See also

Gymnastic: Stunts

Physical Fitness




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