Civic Education (All Classes)

Civic Education

Managing For Results

Management and its Role: Management can be defined as the systematic process of coordinating various resources within a business organization to achieve specific objectives and goals effectively and efficiently. At the heart of any organization, the managing director holds a pivotal role. As the principal figure, the managing director assumes responsibility for formulating and implementing […]

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Civic Education

Self Employment

Source of Funding: 1. Personal savings: Many self-employed individuals rely on their personal savings to bootstrap their businesses. This involves using funds that they have accumulated over a period of time through disciplined saving. 2. Gifts from friends and relations: Some self-employed entrepreneurs receive financial support from their network of friends and family. This form

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Civic Education

State Security Service

The sss in the federal government law enforcement agency in Nigeria it helps in internal policing. FUNCTIONS OF THE STATE SECURITY SERVICE Defending and protecting the federal government against domestic threats. Upholding and enforcing criminal laws in Nigeria. Providing leadership and criminal justice services to both federal and state law – enforcement agencies. Protection of

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Civic Education

National Security

National security could mean any defence plan by a nation which is good enough to successfully resist hostile or destructive action inside or outside a country. ROLE OF CITIZENS IN MAINTAININ NATIONAL SECURITY Vigilance involves being conscious of the happenings within the environment. Vigilance helps in curbing the activities of vandals of government property e.g

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Civic Education

Apartheid in South Africa

Apartheid in South Africa: A Dark Chapter in History and the Fight for Change Introduction Apartheid, the legalized system of racial segregation and discrimination, was a dark period in South African history that lasted for nearly five decades, from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, the South African government institutionalized racial hierarchy, stripping the non-white majority

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Civic Education

Human Trafficking | Causes, Effects and Consequences

Human trafficking refers to the recruitment, transportation, receipt, and harbouring of individuals in exchange for money. It involves exploiting vulnerable people, particularly women and children, who are subjected to forced labour, slavery, servitude, and prostitution. Those involved in this illicit business are known as human traffickers. Human trafficking is a grave violation of human rights,

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Civic Education

Democracy: Characteristics, Types, Importance, Problems & Process of Democracy

Abraham Lincoln famously stated that democracy is a form of governance that derives its power from the people, is executed by the people, and serves the interests of the people. This governmental framework involves individuals exercising their political authority through periodic elections, either directly or by selecting representatives. The term “democracy” originates from ancient Greek,

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Civic Education

Popular Participation: Factors, Reasons, Types, Need, Traditional & Modern Modes

Popular participation refers to the enthusiastic and proactive involvement of the populace in managing the affairs of the state across different levels. This active engagement holds significant importance within a democratic framework, facilitating the efficient functioning and steadiness of the political structure. Factors that can Promote Popular Participation 1. Effective Governance: Effective governance is fundamental

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Civic Education

Civil Society: Roles, Examples, Factors, Functions, Needs, Qualities & Problems

Civil society constitutes the realm beyond the confines of family, state, and market, where individuals come together to promote shared interests. It is commonly denoted as the ‘third sector,’ distinct from governmental and corporate entities, encapsulating a collection of non-governmental organizations and institutions that reflect the desires and aspirations of citizens. Within civil society lie

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Civic Education

Public Service: Meaning, Characteristics, Shortcomings & Improvements

Meaning of Public Service Public service refers to the activities, roles, and functions carried out by government institutions, agencies, and individuals to meet the needs of the general public and promote the common good. It involves providing essential services, enforcing laws and regulations, maintaining infrastructure, and addressing societal needs such as education, healthcare, safety, and

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Civic Education

Human Rights: Characteristics & Category

Characteristics and category of human rights Human rights are fundamental rights and freedoms inherent to all individuals, regardless of nationality, ethnicity, gender, religion, or any other characteristic. They are considered essential for maintaining human dignity, promoting equality, and fostering a just and fair society. To ensure their protection and enforcement, human rights are often codified

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Civic Education

Capitalist democracy

 Capitalist democracy is the form of government in which  the powers of the government flow from the citizens to the governors and the running of the government is based on the consent of the electorate. Capitalist democracy is   a form of government organized in accordance with the principles of popular sovereignty, political equality, popular consultation

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Civic Education


To ensure that people live in peace in the society, there is need to obey law and order. This gives rise to people being in positions of constituted authority and the need to respect them.   POWER This can be defined as the ability to affect the behavior of another person by threat of some


Civic Education

Law and Order

Law This means the whole system of rules that citizens of a country or organised group of people are expected to obey. Laws are made by the government through the legislature, which is an organ of government in a democratic state or country. Laws are made according to the constitution of a country. ORDER This

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Civic Education

What is Cultism?

Cultism is the membership and operation of  cults. It involves secret activities where the members behave in ways that are not acceptable by society. There are many  cults in Nigeria especially in tertiary educational institutions  and some secondary  schools making life unbearable for those who go about their affairs peacefully.  Their  operations are secret and 

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