SS 2 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

Civic Education

INTER-COMMUNAL RELATIONSHIP

A communal society is a type of society in which the population is small and the people share things in common as brothers and sisters. Examples of communal societies are villages, hamlets, camps, etc.   CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMUNAL SOCIETY The community is usually small It is usually homogeneous in nature. Majority of the people engage

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Civic Education

INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS

Interpersonal relationship is the interaction or association between two or more people in the society. It will be difficult for one to exist in isolation without relating with other people. Interpersonal relationship is therefore essential for human coexistence.   TYPES OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP Man and Woman Relationship: This relationship exists between a man and a

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Civic Education

MAINTAINING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

THE ROLES OF INDIVIDUALS AND GOVERNMENT IN MAINTAINING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS INDIVIDUAL Obeying traffic rules and regulations. Considering other road users and put their safety in mind. Obey road signs. Obey traffic authorities and agencies. People should not destroy roads orroad signs in periods of violence. Traders should avoid selling along roads and expressways. Individuals can

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Civic Education

WAYS OF REDUCING ACCIDENTS

Accidents are sudden occurrences that distort the proper functioning of a procedure, event or exercise. Road accidents are unexpected occurrences on the road that comes from failure to adhere to traffic regulation. It could lead to traffic congestion, car damages, bruises or death of the victim. The rate of accidents on the roads can be

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Civic Education

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

Traffic regulations are the various laws, regulations and signs guiding the road users on the proper and effective use of roads. The road users include motorist, pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and passengers.   RULES ON THE USE OF ROADS PEDESTRIANS The pedestrians refer to persons on foot who have need to either walk beside the road,

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Civic Education

RESPONSIBLE PARENTHOOD

Responsible parenthood is the ability of parents to provide for the overall needs of their children in order to become responsible citizens in the society. It involves the ability of parents to take care of their children and see to their financial, educational, social, emotional and material needs. It also refers to the duties of

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Civic Education

DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

ACTIVITIES OF DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES There are two major agencies in Nigeria responsible for drug management and control. These agencies are NDLEA and NAFDAC. a) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA): This agency was established by Decree 48 of January 1990. The agency has its officials positioned in strategic places such as international airports,

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Civic Education

PREVENTION OF DRUG ABUSE

It will be difficult to completely eradicated drug abuse in Nigeria. However, some measures can help to reduce the rate and dangers of drug abuse in our society. Below are some of the suggested remedies to the prevention of abuse of drugs. Parental Intervention: Parents can begin to serve as good role models and mentors

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Civic Education

EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE

Drugs are substances or mixtures used by people, based on medical prescription, for the prevention or total cure of ailments. However, anytime a drug is taken without medical prescription or medical use it becomes abuse. The incidents of drug abuse have tremendous negative effects on the individual, family and society. The agencies working against or

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Civic Education

DRUG ABUSE II

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DRUG ABUSE Constant anxiety, depression and frustration Mood swings Bloodshot eyes Weight loss Forgetfulness Disorderly behaviour Nervousness Slow, disjointed speech Shabby appearance Victims are also prone to thoughts of suicide prone to committing crime and being violence EVALUATION Define Drug Abuse. Mention five signs and symptoms of drug abuse. GENERAL EVALUATION

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Civic Education

EMERGENCY – FULL EXPLANATION

Emergency can be defined as urgent situations that require the suspension of the constitution in order to restore law and order. During periods of emergency government institutions such as legislature, executive and judiciary may not be able to carry out their regular functions and citizens may be restricted of their human rights until the emergency

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Civic Education

HUMAN RIGHTS

Human rights are the inalienable rights and privileges enjoyed by the citizens of a state as codified in the constitution. Such rights include right to life, right to dignity of human person, right to personal liberty, right to freedom of expression and the press, right to freedom of movement, right to fair hearing, right to

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Civic Education

HOW POPULAR ORGANIZATIONS ARE FORMED

Popular organizations are those organized groups whose membership cuts across different areas of society with clearly defined objectives. An example is a political party. As an organized group, a political party is an association of people with a similar political ideology whose major objective is to contest elections and gain political power in order to

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Civic Education

POPULAR PARTICIPATION

Popular participation is the willingness and active involvement of the people in the conduct of the affairs of the state at various levels. Popular participation is important in democracy and it allows for effective operation and stability of the political system. Factors that can Promote Popular Participation Good governance. Supremacy of the constitution. Respect for

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Civic Education

INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS

WHY LEADERS FAIL TO PROTECT THE INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS Leaders fail to protect the interest of their followers for some of the following reasons: Party Interest: Leaders fail to protect their followers’ interest because of the pressure from party leaders and members. They are put under intense pressure to satisfy the needs of their

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Civic Education

POLITICAL APATHY

Political apathy is the lukewarm attitude or total refusal of the citizens to participate in the political activities of the state. They are not willing neither are they interested in public activities such as voting.   FORMS OF POLITICAL APATHY Refusal to vote during election. Unwillingness to join a political party. Refusal to register to

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Civic Education

POVERTY AND ITS EFFECTS

Poverty is a situation whereby an individual is unable to provide adequately for his/her basic needs. Poverty is one of the major problems of developing nations, including Nigeria. The high level of poverty in the country has placed Nigeria as one of the poorest nations in the world.   EFFECTS OF POVERTY Poverty can lead

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