Letter writing is an act of communicating information, feelings, ideas or opinions to somebody who is absent or resides in a distance. A letter should contain full details of the issue one is writing about in order to bring about the same reaction that would have occurred if the message contained in it had been a spoken one.

Types of letter writing

  1. Informal letter
  2. Semi formal letter
  3. Formal letter


An informal letter is also known as personal letter. These are letters written to a close relative, friends and close ones.

                        FORMAT OF INFORMAL LETTER

  1. Address of the writer and date: this must be well – punctuated. The address must appear on the top right hand corner of the page.


36, Adebayo Street,

Abule – Egba,


24th May, 2017.

Greeting/salutation: this is usually “Dear” plus the first name of the person you are writing to e.g. Dear Tolu, Dear John. This is so because informal letter must reflect the cordial relationship between the writer and the receiver.

Complimentary close: ‘Yours sincerely’: is the most appropriate. Followed

by the writers first name. Example:

Yours sincerely,


EVALUATION: write a letter to your father asking him to send you some money, give him three reasons for your request.

ASSIGNMENT: Write a letter to your friend living outside the country telling him/her three reasons why you like your school.


See also


Positive statement to Negative

Rhyme Scheme

Stress and Intonation


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