JSS 2 Basic Science (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

Basic Science

KINETIC ENERGY

Kinetic energy is a form of energy that an object possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the energy an object has because of its mass and velocity. The formula for calculating kinetic energy is: Kinetic Energy Kinetic Energy (KE) = 0.5 * mass * velocity^2 where: – KE is the kinetic energy

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Basic Science

FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION

Communication Techniques Communication is the process of giving, receiving and understanding messages. It involves exchanging ideas, understanding, listening, expressing oneself, talking and using body language, facial expression and a host of other behaviours. Types of communication: 1.Verbal Communication; This is one of the most common ways of c communication which involves sending or receiving information

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Basic Science

WORK, ENERGY AND POWER

Energy is used up when work is done. The energy stored up in our muscular system is made available when we are to do work. The stored-up energy (potential energy) is converted to kinetic energy as work is being done. MEANING OF WORK, ENERGY AND POWER Work Work is done whenever a force is applied

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Basic Science

BODY IMAGE

Meaning of Body Image Body image refers to the way a person feels about his or her physical appearance. People have differences in their physical appearances,some of these are in term of: 1.Height 2.Size or shape  of the body 3.Race or Ethnicity and 4.Colour of the skin,eye and hair.   PHYSICAL FEATURES Physical features or

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Basic Science

HANDLING PUBERTAL CHANGES IN BOYS AND GIRLS

Pubertal changes could be physical ,emotional,social and internal.These changes must be well handled In Adolescents. Adolescents often enter puberty with a heightened sense of sexuality accompanied by a great  deal of confusion.At  this stage,they are faced with the challenges of forming an identity,false feelings of independence,uestions about conformity as  well as  confusion about values and

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Basic Science

HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

PUBERTY               Puberty is the transitional biological stage between childhood and adulthood. It is the stage when the body matures.Puberty involves changes in primary seual characteristics. It starts when the pituitary gland at the base of the brain produces hormones.Hormones are chemical substances,which control the body’s development and growth.At pub.   Rty,these hormones are secreted to

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Basic Science

TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT CHANGES

The developmental changes could be permanent or temporary.permanent changes are irreversible.Examples are the changes that occur during body growth i.e those features associated with the development stages of  child hood,Adolescence and Adulthood are the permanent changes.   Temporary changes may disappear after sometimes.They can be corrected medically or changed by behavior whereas permanent changes remains

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Basic Science

Definition of growth and development

Growth is the progressive increase in the size of a child or parts of a child. Development is progressive acquisition of various skills (abilities) such as head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings and relating with other people. Growth and development go together but at different rates. Maturity refers to when the body are fully

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Basic Science

MAN AS AN INTELLIGENT ANIMAL

The human brain possesses qualities that have no parallel in the animal world. One consequence is man’s explicit mental capabilities. Man possesses the faculty of speech and his creative communication by means of his vocal system is completely different from those of animals   That’s the longest string of words that Nim Chimpsky, a chimpanzee

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Basic Science

Adaptations

Adaptations are special features that allow a plant or animal to live in a particular place or habitat. The ability of living organisms to adjust themselves to the surroundings is called as adaptation. Adaptations are the changes in structure or behaviour of an organism that will allow the organism to survive in that habitat.  

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PHE

HABITAT OF LIVING THINGS

HABITAT OF LIVING THINGS This coral reef in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area is a rich habitat for sea life. Few creatures make the ice shelves of Antarctica their habitat   What is an Habitat? A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by human, a particular species of animal, plant, or

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