A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.
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TYPES OF SEWING MACHINE
- Handy Sewing Machine
Handy Stitch is also known as the portable hand-held sewing machine.
It is great for quick repairs or jobs that conventional desktop machines can not handle, like sewing curtains while on the rod, or mending a torn pocket without having to remove your pants.
- Mechanical Sewing Machine
These machines are also called as manual machines/tailoring machine/treadle sewing machine/domestic sewing machines where the basic settings are done manually by the user.
These machines are best suitable for the beginners who want to learn sewing from basics.
- Electronic Sewing Machine
Electronic sewing machines have more features than a mechanical sewing machine.These sewing machines are the combination of mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine.
- Computerized or Automated Sewing Machine
Computerized Sewing Machines are high technology sewing machines which can be connected to the internet, computer or design loaded cards.
These machines are best suitable for industrial purpose.
- Embroidery Machine
Embroidery machines are meant for designing different patterns of embroidery on the fabric.
PARTS OF SEWING MACHINE
ADVANTAGES OF THE SEWING MACHINE
- It makes sewing to be easier and faster.
- It makes the work to be neat.
FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE
- Spool pin
The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.
- Bobbin binder spindle
During winding, bobbin is placed here.
- Bobbin winder stopper
When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.
- Stitch width dial
The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.
- Pattern selector dial
Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern.
- Hand wheel
Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.
- Stitch length dial
Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.
- Reverse stitch lever
The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.
- Power switch
Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.
- Bobbin winder thread guide
These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.
- Thread tension dial
Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.
- Thread take-up lever
During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.
- Needle clamp screw
Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.
- Presser foot
Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.
- Bobbin cover
During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.
- Bobbin cover release button
This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.
- Feed dog
During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.
Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.
- Needle plate
Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing.
Step 1: Teacher revised the previous topic
Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic
Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic
Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions
Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils
- Identity two kinds of sewing machine;
- State three differences between hand and treadle sewing machine;
- Mention four parts of a sewing machine.
- State the functions of the parts of the sewing machine mentioned in 3 above.