A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.



  1. Handy Sewing Machine

Handy Stitch is also known as the portable hand-held sewing machine.

It is great for quick repairs or jobs that conventional desktop machines can not handle, like sewing curtains while on the rod, or mending a torn pocket without having to remove your pants.

  1. Mechanical Sewing Machine

These machines are also called as manual machines/tailoring machine/treadle sewing machine/domestic sewing machines where the basic settings are done manually by the user.

These machines are best suitable for the beginners who want to learn sewing from basics.

  1. Electronic Sewing Machine

Electronic sewing machines have more features than a mechanical sewing machine.These sewing machines are the combination of mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine.

  1. Computerized or Automated Sewing Machine

Computerized Sewing Machines are high technology sewing machines which can be connected to the internet, computer or design loaded cards.

These machines are best suitable for industrial purpose.

  1. Embroidery Machine

Embroidery machines are meant for designing different patterns of embroidery on the fabric.










  1. It makes sewing to be easier and faster.
  2. It makes the work to be neat.



  1. Spool pin

The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.

  1. Bobbin binder spindle

During winding, bobbin is placed here.

  1. Bobbin winder stopper

When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.

  1. Stitch width dial

The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.

  1. Pattern selector dial

Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern.

  1. Hand wheel

Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.

  1. Stitch length dial

Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.

  1. Reverse stitch lever

The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.

  1. Power switch

Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.

  1. Bobbin winder thread guide

These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.

  1. Thread tension dial

Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.

  1. Thread take-up lever

During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.

  1. Needle clamp screw

Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.

  1. Presser foot

Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.

  1. Bobbin cover

During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.

  1. Bobbin cover release button

This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.

  1. Feed dog

During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.

  1. Needle

Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.

  1. Needle plate

Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing.



Step 1: Teacher revised the previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils



Pupils to:

  1. Identity two kinds of sewing machine;
  2. State three differences between hand and treadle sewing machine;
  3. Mention four parts of a sewing machine.
  4. State the functions of the parts of the sewing machine mentioned in 3 above.


See also

Materials For Care of Clothing

Care and Maintenance of Clothing

Making Simple Apron

How to Produce Simple Clothing Article

Simple Clothing Article

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