This is based on nutrient composition: Feed additives. Roughages Are feeds of low available nutrients per unit weight and high fibre content Examples: Dry roughages, Succulent roughages, Residues from agricultural by products and conserved materials. Characteristics Low level of available nutrients. Have high level of calcium especially legumes. Good source of vitamin A. Have high […]
What is Livestock Digestion?. Livestock Digestion is the process through which food is broken down into small particles in the alimentary canal ready for absorption into the blood stream. Digestion of food in livestock takes place in three stages; Mechanical breakdown and chewing Microbial breakdown by bacteria and protozoa in the rumen of ruminants Chemical
Ration Is the amount of food that will provide essential nutrients to an animal in a 24 hour period. To enable that animal to meet its maintenance and production requirements. Balanced ration ls the ration that contains all the essential nutrients in required amounts and in the right proportion. Maintenance ration is the portion of
Introduction Livestock nutrition: Livestocks are fed for the purpose of production and body maintenance. The edible material given to animals is called food. It is digested, absorbed and utilized in the body. Nutrients are organic and inorganic substances contained in the food materials Components of Food material Water, protein, Carbohydrates, Fats and oils, Vitamins Mineral
Introduction What is a parasite? A Parasite is an organism which obtains its livelihood from another organism (host) which suffers damage. Parasitism is the association between a parasite and a host. The effects of parasite on the host animal are: Depriving the host of its food. Sucking blood. Damaging the organs of the host.
Introduction Livestock Health is the state of the body in which all the organs and systems are normal and functioning normally. Disease is any deviation from the normal health of the animal. Importance of Keeping Livestock Healthy: Healthy animals give high income due to low treatment costs. The productive life span of a healthy animal