Types of parties include; housewarming, naming, birthday, wedding etc. Also, there are special foods peculiar to special occasions such as cocktails, buffets, luncheons etc.

Table of Contents

Types of Parties

Parties can be categorized into various types based on their nature, purpose, and theme. Here are some common types of parties:

1. Birthday Party: A celebration to commemorate someone’s birthdate, typically with friends, family, and loved ones. It can be a small gathering or a larger event, depending on personal preferences.

2. Costume Party: Also known as a fancy dress party, attendees are required to wear costumes based on a specific theme. It can be anything from superheroes to historical characters, allowing guests to dress up and have fun.

3. Housewarming Party: Thrown when someone moves into a new home, this party allows friends and family to visit the new house, socialize, and offer good wishes to the homeowners.

4. Graduation Party: Held to honor individuals who have completed their education milestones, such as high school, college, or university. It’s a time to celebrate achievements and mark the beginning of a new chapter in life.

5. Cocktail Party: An elegant gathering where guests socialize over cocktails and hors d’oeuvres. These parties often have a sophisticated atmosphere and can be held in various settings, such as homes, hotels, or event venues.

6. Theme Party: Parties centered around a specific theme, such as a casino night, Hawaiian luau, 1980s retro, or masquerade ball. The theme sets the tone for the decorations, costumes, and activities.

7. Dinner Party: A formal or semi-formal gathering where guests are invited to enjoy a sit-down meal together. These parties often feature multiple courses and provide an opportunity for conversation and socializing.

8. Holiday Party: Celebrations held during specific holidays like Christmas, Halloween, New Year’s Eve, or Thanksgiving. These parties often incorporate holiday decorations, traditions, and themed activities.

9. Surprise Party: An event organized without the knowledge of the guest of honor, typically for a birthday or special occasion. The goal is to surprise and delight the person being celebrated.

10. Pool Party: Held in or around a swimming pool, these parties offer a chance to cool off, relax, and enjoy water-based activities. They are especially popular during summer months or in warm climates.

11. Themed Children’s Party: Parties designed specifically for children, featuring themes based on their interests, such as superheroes, princesses, pirates, or favorite cartoon characters. They often include games, crafts, and age-appropriate entertainment.

12. Engagement Party: A celebration of a couple’s engagement, where family and friends gather to offer congratulations and well wishes. It’s an opportunity to announce the upcoming wedding and celebrate the couple’s commitment.

13. Wedding Ceremony: careful planning is needed to avoid wastage of time energy and food. The dishes served should be different foods like jollof rice, fried rice, chicken stew, beef stew, moin moin, salad, cake, roasted chicken, Cole’s law etc.

14. Awojoh (burial ceremony): it is usually observed in the remembrance of the dead. The most important food items are: black- eyed peas, meat, chicken, palm oil, beans soup, moin moin, akara, plantain and potatoes (fried in palm oil) chicken stew, fufu and bitter leaf, palaver sauce, agidi, rice, fruits etc.

15. Luncheon and dinner party: it may be formal or informal. They may take the form of a situation either to sit down or to stand. They are usually held to commemorate specific events. E.g. the visit of a president from one country to the order or achievement of a special goal etc. when such a special party is held in the evening it is called dinner while it is referred to as luncheon if it is held in the afternoon. Menu may consist of some or all of the following on the form of the party.

These are just a few examples of the many types of parties people can host or attend. The type of party chosen often depends on the occasion, the desired atmosphere, and the preferences of the hosts and guests.

Careful planning is required in order to make the party successful, the dishes served takes a longer time to prepare than most of other party dishes and a larger number of people are usually catered for.

Party Foods & Drinks

Appetizer: fruit cup, juice, grape fruit, shrimps, sardine, and salted nuts.

Soup: thin soup, vegetable soup, pepper soup etc.

Fish: fried fish, steamed fish, fish stew, poultry etc.

Cereal: rice, corn, millet, etc.

Pulses: beans, lentil, peas, vegetables etc.


Distinguish between formal and informal service.


write out 10 acceptable table manners.

See also






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