Basic Skills and Techniques of Tennis

Tennis is a popular sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, coordination, and technical skills. Here are some basic skills and techniques used in tennis:

1. Gripping the racket: There are different types of grips used in tennis, such as the Eastern grip, Continental grip, and Western grip. The grip you choose will depend on your playing style and the shots you want to execute.

2. Groundstrokes: Groundstrokes refer to shots played from the baseline. The two main groundstrokes in tennis are the forehand and backhand.

– Forehand: The forehand is usually the stronger and more dominant shot. To hit a forehand, you need to rotate your body, step into the shot, and make contact with the ball in front of your body, using a smooth swinging motion.

– Backhand: There are two types of backhands: the one-handed backhand and the two-handed backhand. The one-handed backhand requires a more fluid swing and a strong wrist, while the two-handed backhand provides more stability and power.

3. Serve: The serve is the shot used to start a point. It’s crucial to have a good serve as it sets the tone for the point. Key elements of a good serve include a proper grip, a fluid tossing motion, and a well-timed swing to generate power and accuracy.

4. Volley: A volley is a shot that is played before the ball bounces on the ground. It is usually executed near the net. Good volleys require quick reflexes, proper footwork, and a controlled racket face to direct the ball.

5. Overhead smash: The overhead smash is a powerful shot played when the ball is above your head. It is often used when an opponent hits a high ball or a lob. The key to a successful overhead smash is timing, footwork, and a strong swing to hit the ball with power and precision.

6. Footwork: Footwork is an essential aspect of tennis. Good footwork allows you to quickly move around the court, get into an optimal position, and maintain balance while hitting shots. Practice agility drills and work on your movement to improve your footwork.

7. Court positioning: Understanding court positioning is important to maximize your chances of winning points. Position yourself strategically based on where the ball is and where you anticipate it will go next. Move towards the best possible position to hit your shots effectively.

8. Strategy and tactics: Tennis involves both physical and mental aspects. Developing a solid game plan and understanding your opponent’s strengths and weaknesses can give you an advantage. Use tactics like changing the pace, direction, and depth of your shots to keep your opponent off balance.

Remember, these are just some of the basic skills and techniques in tennis. Regular practice, coaching, and match play will help you refine and improve these skills, allowing you to become a more proficient tennis player.

The nature of the tennis game

  1. It’s a racket game
  2. A ball is used in playing the game
  3. It is an outdoor game
  4. It is played by both male and female
  5. it is played as single , doubles and mixed doubles
  6. It started with a service
  7. It’s a point scoring game


The basic skills and techniques of the game are as follows:-

  1. The Grip: There are three basic grips:-
  2. The eastern grip (forehand grip)
  3. The western grip (backhand grip)
  4. The continental grip
  5. The service
  6. The forehand drive
  7. The backhand drive
  8. The volley
  9. The half volley
  10. Lob shot
  11. The drop shot
  12. The smash


  1. Briefly describe tennis
  2. Mention four basic skills and techniques in tennis

See also:

Equipment, Rules and Regulations, & Officials in Table Tennis



Basic Swimming Strokes

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Fully Funded Scholarships

Free Visa, Free Scholarship Abroad

           Click Here to Apply