JSS 3 Physical And Health Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

PHE

Gymnastics

The word gymnastics means naked art and it originated in ancient Greece. Gymnastics are physical exercises designed to improve strength, balance, flexibility, agility and co-ordination of the body. Scope of gymnastics. Gymnastics floor activities can be classified into three, which are The stunts activities (individual or with a partner) The tumbling activities The balancing activities

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PHE

Basic Swimming Strokes

There are four basic swimming strokes, which are: Front crawl or free style Breast Stroke Back stroke Butterfly stroke   Front crawl or freestyle ; This is when a swimmer uses any stroke he chooses and rules relating breast Stroke, butterfly and back strokes do not apply. In turning and and finishing, the swimmer must

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PHE

Puberty

uberty is the period when a person develops from a child into an adult. It is the time when the physical development of the secondary sexual characteristics begins.

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CONTRIBUTIONS OF SOME PROFESSIONALS TO PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Some of the professionals in physical and health education in Nigeria include: Harding J. Ekperigin Prof. M.O. Ajisafe Prof. John Adedeji Prof. James Abodunrin Amala Isaac Akioye A). Harding j. Ekperigin: He was all-round sportsman in his days. He formed the central committee of Amateur Athletics Association in 1944. He encouraged the formation of a

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PHE

NIGERIAN SPORTS HEROES AND HEROINE

A hero (male) or heroine  (female) is a person who has done something great or remarkable that makes people to admire him or her. Nigerian sportsman and women have put Nigeria’s name in the record books as a sporting nation. Similarly, several people have excelled in physical and health education and made the country proud.

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PHE

Officials, Equipment, Facilities, and Safety Rules in Combined Events

Combined Events Definition Combined events, in the context of sports, refer to athletic competitions that involve multiple events or disciplines within a single competition. Athletes compete in a series of different events, and their performances in each event are scored or ranked. The athlete with the highest total score or best overall performance at the

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PHE

COMBINED EVENTS

ancient Olympic Games to test the all-round athletic ability of the competitors. There are three types of combined events. These are: Decathlon (for men) Heptathlon (for both men and women) Pentathlon (for women) Decathlon: The term “decathlon” is a Greek term that means “ten test.” The decathlon consists of ten athletics events. They are events

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PHE

ENERGY

Energy is defined as “capacity for doing work”. Energy is needed for all activities that are performed by the muscles when stimulated by the nervous system. Contraction of the muscles causes movements around the joints. These movements when properly coordinated result in some types of skill performance such as jumping, kicking, clapping, running, throwing, dancing,

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PHE

Physical Fitness

Meaning of Physical Fitness Physical fitness is an aspect of total fitness that is concerned with the physical well-being of an individual. Physical fitness is the ability of an individual to carry out his or her daily activities without undue fatigue and still have energy for social activities.   Physical fitness can also be defined

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PHE

AGEING AND DEATH EDUCATION

What is ageing? Ageing is defined as a process of growing old, in which the physiological and skeletal system become weak and strength, power, ability e. t. c are lost gradually. Ageing is the process of growing old, reach the end of useful life, it is also a time in life when one becomes obsolescent.

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PHE

FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION

MEANING OF FAMILY The family is the primary environment in which we all grow and develop. It provides the basic material needed for our survival, such as; food, shelter, clothing and our basic needs, guidance and love etc.   DEFINITION OF TERM Family is a group of people that are related to one another by

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PHE

FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

Female Genital- it refers to female outer or external sex organs; Mutilation simply refers to damage or change something so much that is completely spoiled or ruined.   Female genital mutilation, it is the removal or cutting off of some or all of the  female external sensitive genitals part of the female organ (clitoris) in

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PHE

HOCHEY

BRIEF HISTORY OF HOCKEY Hockey is a both team and field game played with hockey sticks and a ball. The game originated from the ancient Greeks, Romans and Persians as early as 514 BC. The rich people played their Hockey on horse backs known as “POLO” In 1876, Modern Hockey clubs were formed. Ten years

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PHE

COMBINED EVENTS

Combined events are combination of track and field events. It started during the ancient Olympic Games to test the all-round athletic ability of the competitors. There are three types of combined events. These are: Decathlon (for men) Heptathlon (for both men and women) Pentathlon (for women)   Decathlon: The term “decathlon” is a Greek term

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PHE

Field Event: POLE VAULT

Pole vault is a field event which involves jumping over a horizontally placed obstacle (bar) that is supported by two up-rights. The vaulter uses a pole as a lever for the uplift of the body. The pole vaulter is expected to lift himself or herself high up with the pole from a single take-off to

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