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The Nigerian Civil War

The Nigerian Civil War started on July 6, 1967 and formally ended on January 15, 1970. Major-General Philip Effiong, the chief of staff of the Republic of Biafra, formally renounced the existence of a state called Biafra. This exercise took place at Dodan Barracks Lagos on January 15, 1970.   CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR […]

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Government

MINOR POLITICAL PARTIES

UNITED MIDDLE BELT CONGRESS (UMBC) The United Middle Belt Congress was founded in 1955 under the leadership of late J.S. Tarka. The party concentrated its political activities in the middle belt and demanded for the creation of a middle belt region out of the Northern region. NORTHERN ELEMENT PROGRESSIVE UNION (NEPU) The Northern Element Progressive

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Government

FEDERALISM

Cultural diversity: Differences in culture, religion, language, custom, tradition, etc among different ethnic groups make the operation of a federal system possible.
The fear of one ethnic group dominating others necessitated the establishment of federalism in Nigeria.
To protect the interest of minority groups.

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Government

Nigerian Federalism

Nigerian federalism can be traced far back to 1914, when the Northern and Southern protectorates were amalgamated though with unitary form of administration. Since then, governmental powers that existed in Nigeria started to be shared between the central government headed by the governor-general and the governments of Northern and Southern protectorates headed by the lieutenant

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Government (Secondary School)

DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES

NIGERIAN NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY (NNDP) OBJECTIVES OF THE NNDP The upgrading of Lagos to a municipality with its own absolute self-government Co-ordination of the nomination and election of the Lagos members of the Legislative council The improvement of higher education opportunities and the introduction and spread of compulsory education throughout Nigeria The spread of the

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Government (Secondary School)

PROBLEMS OF NIGERIAN FEDERALISM

Nigerian federalism faces several challenges and problems. Here are some of the key issues: 1. Resource Control: One of the major problems in Nigerian federalism is the issue of resource control. The central government controls the majority of the country’s resources, particularly oil and gas revenues, while the states have limited control over their own

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Government (Secondary School)

FEATURES OF NIGERIAN FEDERALISM

Nigerian federalism is characterized by several features that shape the country’s political system and governance structure. Here are some key features of Nigerian federalism: 1. Federal Structure: Nigeria operates as a federal republic, where power is shared between the central government and the 36 states that make up the federation. The federal government is responsible

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Government (Secondary School)

FEATURES OF 1989 CONSTITUTION

The constitution retained a presidential system of government as in the 1979 constitution A two-party system was entrenched in the constitution The people could withdraw any legislator who no longer enjoyed the confidence of the electorate The federal capital territory, Abuja would not be regarded as a state There were provisions for an independent judiciary

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Government (Secondary School)

THE INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION OF 1960

FEATURES The constitution retained the federalism previously adopted by the lyttleton constitution of 1954 The governor-general was made the constitutional ceremonial head of state and a representative of the Queen of England The constitution adopted a parliamentary democratic system of government in Nigeria Bicameral legislatures were adopted in both the federal and regional or state

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Government (Secondary School)

LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION OF 1954

Features Nigeria became truly a Federal state with the constitutional division of powers between the central and regional governments The speaker of the house of assembly was appointed by the governor from members or non-members of the house The governor became known as governor-general while lieutenant – governors were designated governors The judiciary was regionalized

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Government (Secondary School)

CLIFFORD CONSTITUTION OF 1922

The 1922 constitution was named after the then governor of Nigeria sir Hugh Clifford FEATURE MAIN There was an executive council for the whole country. It was established a Legislative council presided over by the governor with 26 white officials, 15 nominated unofficial members and 4 elected members, three of the elected members represented Calabar

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Government (Secondary School)

NATIONALISM

K.B.C. Onwubiko has not failed to define nationalism as “the patriotic sentiment or activity on the part of groups of Africans held’s together by the bonds of common language and common historic experience to assert their right to live under a government of their own making for the preservation of their political, economic and social

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Government (Secondary School)

ADVANTAGES OF COLONIAL RULE

While it is true that Africans had their own ways of educating their children, the fact that people could read and write made a significant difference in their understanding of the world The establishment of educational institutions from the primary to the university level (The university college, Ibadan, was established in 1948 was a significant

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