Comprehension – Reading for Critical Evaluation

The passage reveals the main criticism of Nigerian film and television. It explains that most programmes have no relevance to the Nigerian culture. More so, the funds generated for the Nigerian film industry are usually in the wrong hands.


Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

  1. Structure – Introduction to Sequence of Tenses

Sequence of tenses is the principle which requires all the verbs in a sentence or a number of sentences to be in the same tense all through.


  • Today is my happiest day. At last, I have completed my project. I am now free to do anything I like – Present tense
  • The match had already begun when we got there, so we decided to wait and watch the second half which started an hour after – Past tense

It is however sometimes possible to have a mixture of past and present tenses in a sentence especially if a fact or generally acceptable notion is referred to here.

Example:   The teacher taught us that the earth goes round the sun.

My father told me that character is strength.


Choose either of the options in bracket in each of the following sentences bearing in mind the rules of sequences of tenses.

  1. The police (has/have) arrived and (is/are) checking all vehicles on the road.
  2. Segun and Adeleke ate some food but (they were not feeling/did not feel/ are not feeling) satisfied.
  3. Segun lived in Osogbo, so he (is/was) seen in a taxi, (waving/waved) to them.


  1. Speech Work – Diphthongs /Iə/, /eә/and /Ʊə/

The articulation of these diphthongs involves a gliding movement of the tongue towards the centre as illustrated in the vowel chart below

Iə                          Ʊə


For this sound, the glide begins with a tongue position for /I/and moves in the direction of /ə/

Example:   here, hear, beer, weird.


To produce /eə/, the glide begins from the front of the tongue towards the centre. The shape of the

lips is neutral throughout the production. Some words with /eə/ may have a final ‘r’ in the spelling but the ‘r’ is not pronounced unless it is followed by another word beginning with a vowel.

Example: hair, hare, their, there, swear


The production of /Ʊə/ involves tongue glide from the position for the production of /Ʊ/ towards the position for the production of / /. The shape of the lips changes from rounded to neutral.

Example: boor, poor, sure, tour, yours.


From the words lettered A – D, choose the word that contains the sound represented by the given phonetic symbol.

  1. /Iə/ pear            B. near             C. herd            D. marry
  2. /eə/ cart             B. face             C. vary            D. idea
  3. /aƱ/ low             B. through       C. height         D. about
  4. /əƱ/ board          B. mat             C. stew            D. below
  5. /eI/ said             B. mat             C. male            D. key


  1. Vocabulary Development – Words Associated with Nation Building.

Nation – building is constructing or structuring a national identity using the power of the state. It aims at the unification of the people within the state so that it remains politically stable and viable in the long run.

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According to Harris My Lonas, legitimate authority in modern national states is connected to popular rule, to which majorities are constructed.

Nation builders are those members of a state who take the initiative to develop the national community through government programmes including military conscription. Nation – building can involve use of propaganda or major infrastructure development to foster social harmony and economic growth.


  1. Find the meaning of the words written in bold.
  2. Make sentences with five of them..


  1. State the grammatical names and function of the following phrases:
  2. The woman in the next apartment is a drug peddler
  3. The girl left the principal office, beaming with satisfaction.
  4. The man to succeed the king has not been born
  5. What processes are involved in nominalizing adjectives and verbs. (show examples). 


Section A

Choose the option that has a different stress pattern.

  1. (a) commit (b) compare                 (c) complete                (d) column
  2. (a) afraid (b) allow                      (c) always                    (d) attempt
  3. (a) decision (b) continue                 (c) plantation               (d) continent
  4. (a) monitor (b) register                   (c) possible                  (d) promotion
  5. (a) leader (b) judgment               (c) money                    (d) report

Section B

Complete the sentences in practice 2, page 43, Effective English

See also

Speech Work – Rhyme Scheme

Comprehension – Reading for Implied Meanings

Essay Writing (Formal Letters): Letters of Complaints

Structure – Punctuation Marks; Comma, Semicolon, Question Mark and Colon


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