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    Needlework requires the use of some special tools and equipment which are categorized into two main groups:

    Small and Large:

    1.   Measuring
    2.   Cutting
    3.   Transferring pattern markings
    4.   Sewing
    5.   Pressing
    6.   Storage
    7.   Others
    8.   Objectives


    Describe how to use and care for basic sewing tools and equipment.

    •  Measuring Tools
    •  Tape measure
    •  Measuring Gauge
    •  Meter stick



    The tape measure should:

    Be clearly marked on both sides up to 150cm.

    Be woven and plastic coated to avoid fraying and stretching.

    Have metal ends.


    Use and Care

    Remove from the work while cutting out; it can be cut accidentally.

    Roll up when not in use.


    It should:

    1.  Be firm.
    2.  Be clearly matched at right angles.
    3.  Have several measurements marked.
    4.  Used for measuring small width.
    5.  Store after use.
    6.  Meter Stick


    Choice of a Meter Stick

    It should be:

    •  Made of smooth wood or plastic.
    •  Marked clearly.
    •  Used to measure long straight lines.
    •  Hem Marker 



    – Can be made from manila or cardboard.

    – Used for marking hem depths to ensure even size.


    Cutting out Tools

    •  Dressmaker’s shears
    •  Pinking shears
    •  Embroidery scissors
    •  Buttonhole scissors
    •  Paper scissors
    •  Dressmaker’s pins
    •  Seam ripper
    •  Table worktop
    •  Dressmaker’s Shears
    •  Should be rust free (stainless steel)
    •  Sharp
    •  Firmly hinged
    •  Comfortable handle with one hole large enough for 2 or more fingers
    •  One blade should be pointed
    •  Long blade ,at least 15cm
    •  Oil the hinges regularly
    •  Hold correctly
    •  Do not chop
    •  Wipe after use
    •  Do not use for cutting hair, paper, thread or for snipping
    •  Pinking Shears
    •  Made of rustless metal stainless steel)
    • Is serrated
    •  Used for neatening edges especially on open seams, on materials that do not fray.


    Embroidery Scissors

    •  Small
    •  Sharp fine pointed blades
    •  Cutting threads, snipping
    •  Cutting buttonholes
    •  Paper Scissors
    •  Smaller in size than the cutting out shears
    •  Not very sharp
    •  Used for cutting out paper patterns.


    Dressmaker’s Pins

    •  Assorted lengths
    •  Fine and sharp
    •  Made of stainless steel
    •  Buy those with big heads
    •  Store in a pin cushion or in a small box.
    •  Avoid scattering.
    •  Keep them dry and free from rust.


    Seam Ripper

    1. The blade should be sharp.
    2. It should have a cover to protect the sharp point.
    3. Used for removing unwanted stitches and cutting button holes.
    4. Do not drop.
    5. Store in the needlework box when not in use.


    Table Top

    1.  Should be large enough for laying the pattern pieces out.
    2.  Comfortable height for the user.
    3.  Smooth and flat not to spoil the fabric.
    4.  Should not be polished.
    5.  Dust well before placing work.
    6.  Do not scratch with sharp objects such as tracing wheel.
    7.  Do not stain with carbon.


    See also:



    synthetic fibres advantages



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