Food & Nutrition

Catering, Home economics, Home management

STEWING METHOD

Stewing is cooking food in a measured amount of liquids. Once the food has boiled it is allowed to simmer. Sufficient amount of liquid water or stock should be added for a stew of the right consistency. The saucepan or pot used should have a tight fitting lid to avoid loss of nutrients. Use gentle […]

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

METHODS OF COOKING

What is cooking? Cooking is a process of preparing food by applying heat. Discuss reasons for cooking food. Identify different methods of cooking. State general rules for different methods of cooking. Why do we cook food?   To improve flavour or taste of food.   To improve appearance and make it more appealing.   To

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

MODERN HOUSES

Modern houses are more durable as they are made using strong materials like stones, cement, bricks, metal, and concrete hence making them permanent. Examples of modern houses include:   Bungalow   Mainsonette   Flats or Apartments   Bungalow A house where all rooms and facilities are constructed on the ground floor. Comes in different shapes

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

CARE OF THE HOME

 Cleaning Equipment The home should be kept clean at all times. In order to maintain the cleanliness of the home, constant removal of dirt is important. The following equipment is necessary for the removal of dirt:   Brooms   Scrubbing brush   Cobweb brush   Carpet brush   Toilet brush   Buckets and Basins  

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

FIRST AID

What is First Aid? First Aid is the immediate help given to a person who has had an accident or sudden illness before being placed under medical care. It is usually done at the place where the accident occurs. A person who gives first help uses a First Aid Kit. This is a container with

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

POISONING

Poison is any substance which when taken causes harm to the body. It gets into the body through swallowing, breathing in gases (inhalation), contact through pesticides and chemicals pushed through the skin. – Baby drinking paraffin from a bottle – Man seated in an enclosed room without ventilation and there is a jiko, hence he

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

INSECT STINGS AND BITES

Some insects such as bees, wasps and scorpions sting while others such as mosquitoes, ticks, lice and cockroaches bite. – Keep the environment clean. – Do not disturb bees and hornets. – Air beddings thoroughly and change them frequently.   Bites Clean the affected area thoroughly with clean water. If possible apply alcohol or alcohol

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

DROWNING

Drowning is the blockage of air passages by liquids when swimming or if one falls into water bodies such as lakes, rivers and basins. A child bending into a bucket full of water. The child then falls inside.   Water storage containers must have tight fitting lids. Do not store water in open containers. All

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

FAINTING

It occurs due to temporary loss of blood flow in the brain causing a brief loss of consciousness.  Illness such as anemia  After receiving bad or good news  Hunger  Overworking  Standing for a long time  Avoid standing for too long.  Avoid overcrowding and poorly ventilated rooms. Break bad news calmly. Lay the casualty down and

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

NOSE BLEEDING

This happens when blood comes out of the nose. It may be caused by an injury, blowing the nose forcefully and picking the nose. Someone pinching the nose to prevent blood from coming out during nose bleeding. The head should be slightly bent.  Avoid picking the nose.  Avoid blowing the nose too hard and often

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

CHOKING, SUFFOCATION AND SHOCK

 Choking Choking is when one is not able to breathe. Choking is caused by food or foreign objects such as seeds, bones and coins stuck in the throat or air passage making breathing difficult. Encourage the casualty to cough – Give back slaps – Obstruction Avoid putting foreign objects in the mouth. Children should not

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

BURNS, SCALDS AND SPRAIN

Burns are caused by dry heat such as hot charcoal, metal and open flames while scalds are caused by moist heat such as stream and hot liquids.   Prevention of burns and scalds Matches, boiling stoves, hot liquids, burning candles should be kept away from children. Store flammable liquids away from children. Lids covering hot

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

CUTS AND BRUISES

A cut is a slit or break on the skin caused by sharp objects such as razor blades, broken glass and knives while bruises are caused by blunt blows. Prevention  Store sharp objects safely.  Use and care for knives appropriately.  Dispose off empty tins, broken bottles and other sharp objects e.g. by burying.  Keep doors

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME

 The common accidents in the home are:  Cuts and bruises  Burns and scalds  Fractures and sprains  Suffocation  Choking  Shock  Foreign bodies in the eyes and nose  Fainting  Nose bleeding  Drowning  Insect stings and bites  Snake bites  Poisoning   Also See Home economics STORAGE EQUIPMENT TRANSFERRING PATTERN MARKINGS basic sewing tools and equipment 51 Ways of

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

PERSONAL HYGIENE

Personal hygiene refers to the cleanliness of the body. This involves good grooming or care of different parts of the body, choice, use and care of personal items. Cosmetics are prepared substances which are applied on the body by both men and women to enhance appearance.   They include:  Lips stick  Mascara  Rouge  Body lotion

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

They lead to diverse career opportunities such as:   Interior Designer   Chef   Air Hostess   Dietician   Community Health Worker   Fashion Designer   Entrepreneur   Researcher   Textile Engineer   Teacher For more job career opportunities, visit Jooble.org   Chef This is the chief cook of a large kitchen staff. He/she is

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

DISCIPLINES IN HOME SCIENCE/HOME ECONOMICS/CATERING/FOOD & NUTRITION/HOME MANAGEMENT

Home Science/Home Economies/Catering/Food & Nutrition is an applied multi-disciplinary science which aims at improving the quality of life and well-being of an individual, family and community. Maternal child care  Home care  Textiles  Clothing  Health education  Consumer education   MATERNAL CHILD CARE It deals with child development from conception to childhood with special attention to the

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Catering, Home economics, Home management

SEWING MACHINE

A sewing machine is a large sewing equipment designed to make stitches. It makes sewing quicker and more efficient. It is a simple machine to operate as it is done manually at the speed of the person operating. It is portable and easy to carry. Balance wheel is rotated by hand. One hand rotates the

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