English Language

English Language

Vocabulary: Astronomy

Vocabulary: Astronomy  The lexis and structures on the vocabulary of astronomy. Some of the words used include universe, orbits, planets, eclipse, cosmonaut, satellite, galaxies, etc. Astronomy: the Scientific study of the universe, especially of the motions, positions, sizes, composition, and behaviour of astronomical objects. Universe: the totality of all matter and energy that exists in

Vocabulary: Astronomy Read More »

English Language

VERB PHRASES

In some sentences, the verb is more than one word. It is in form of a phrase, which is called a verb phrase. A verb phrase consists of a main verb and one or more helping verbs. The main verb shows the action in the sentence. The helping verb works with the main verb. Helping

VERB PHRASES Read More »

English Language

LINKING VERBS

A linking verb links the subject of a sentence with a word or words that: (i) express (es) the subject’s state of being Example: She is here (expresses state of being) She seems ready (state of being) (ii) Describe (es) or rename (es) the subject. Examples: Anna is a nurse (a nurse, describes Anna) Joyce

LINKING VERBS Read More »

English Language

Verbs

A verb is a word that: (i) Expresses an action (ii) Expresses the state that something exists, or (iii) Links the subject with a word that describes or renames it. Hence, there are two kinds of verbs. These are action verbs and linking verbs.   Action Verbs Action verbs express actions. They show what the

Verbs Read More »

English Language

SPECIAL PRONOUNS PROBLEMS

Double subjects We all know that every sentence must have a subject. Sometimes we incorrectly use a double subject – a noun and a pronoun – to name the same person, place, or thing. Incorrect Correct Jane she is my cousin. Jane is my cousin. She is my cousin. Her scarf it is pretty. Her

SPECIAL PRONOUNS PROBLEMS Read More »

English Language

REFLEXIVE AND INTENSIVE PRONOUNS

REFLEXIVE AND INTENSIVE PRONOUNS  Reflexive and intensive pronouns end in -self or -selves. These are myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, and themselves. There is, however, one difference between reflexive and Intensive pronouns. A reflexive pronoun refers to an action performed by the subject of the sentence. The meaning of the sentence is incomplete without

REFLEXIVE AND INTENSIVE PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS  An interrogative pronoun is used to ask a question. These pronouns are who, whose, whom, which and what. Examples: Who is the mayor of this town? Whose is the red car? Which is her blouse? What did she ask you? Whom should I trust with my secret? USING WHO, WHOM, AND WHOSE Who, whom,

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

A demonstrative pronoun is used to single or point out one or more persons or things referred to in the sentence. These pronouns are this, that, these, and those. This and these point to persons or things that are near. Examples: This is a gazelle. These are the students of ABC Secondary School. That and those

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer to a specific person or thing. In English, there are singular indefinite pronouns, plural indefinite and both singular and plural indefinite pronouns. Singular Indefinite Pronouns Another, anything, everybody, neither, one Anybody, each, everyone, nobody, somebody Anymore, either, everything, no one, someone. An indefinite pronoun must

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

PLURAL POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

PLURAL POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS Correct: Several reported their findings. Incorrect: Several reported his/her findings. Both singular and plural indefinite pronouns   All, some, any, none These indefinite pronouns may be singular or plural, depending on their meaning in the sentence. Examples: All of my story is true – singular All of the guests are here – plural None

PLURAL POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

CONTRACTIONS WITH PRONOUNS

A contraction is a shortened form of two words. One or more letters are omitted and an apostrophe (’) is used in place of the letters left out. A contraction is formed by combining pronouns and the verbs am, is, are, will, would, have, has, and had.   Pronoun + verb Contraction Pronoun + verb

CONTRACTIONS WITH PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

OBJECT PRONOUNS

Object pronouns can replace nouns used after action verbs. These pronouns are: (i) Singular – me, you, him, her, it (ii) Plural – us, you them Examples: The driver drove him. (direct object) The parents thanked us. (direct object) The reporters asked him many questions. (indirect object) In the above examples, the personal pronouns are

OBJECT PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

PRONOUNS

A pronoun is a part of speech that takes the place of a noun. They include such words as I, we, he, she, thy, me and us. Pronouns enable you to avoid repeating the same names (nouns), when writing or speaking, which would otherwise make you sound very awkward and wordy. By using pronouns effectively,

PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

SUBJECT PRONOUNS

A subject pronoun takes the place of a noun as the subject of a sentence. These pronouns are: (i) Singular forms – I, you, he, she, it (ii) Plural forms – we, you, they Examples: Noun Subject Pronoun The house girl takes care of the baby She takes care of the baby The dog guards the

SUBJECT PRONOUNS Read More »

English Language

PLURAL POSSESSIVE NOUNS

A plural possessive noun shows possession or ownership of a plural noun. Example: The cars that belong to the teachers are parked here. The teachers’ cars are parked here. When a plural noun ends in s, add only an apostrophe after the s to make the noun show possession. Not all plural nouns end in

PLURAL POSSESSIVE NOUNS Read More »

English Language

POSSESSIVE NOUNS

A possessive noun shows who or what owns something. A possessive noun can either be singular or plural. A singular possessive noun shows that one person, place, or thing has or owns something. To make a singular noun show possession, add an apostrophe and s (‘s). Example: the feathers of the chick – the chick’s feathers

POSSESSIVE NOUNS Read More »

English Language

COLLECTIVE NOUNS

These are nouns that represent a group of people or things as a single unit.  Some collective nouns can take plural forms Examples: Crowd (s) flock (s) Group (s) herd (s) Team (s) committee (s) Pair (s) Some collective nouns, however, cannot be used in the plural: Examples Furniture* beddings* Equipments* informations* Luggages* baggages*  

COLLECTIVE NOUNS Read More »

English Language

COMPOUND NOUNS

A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more words. The words that form compound nouns may be joined together, separated or hyphenated. Examples: Joined: bookcase, blackboard, pushcart Separated: high school, rabbit hutch, radar gun Hyphenated: go-getter, mother-in-law, sergeant –at-arms Compound nouns are usually a combination of two or more word

COMPOUND NOUNS Read More »

Acadlly
error: Content is protected !!