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Civic Education

Civic Education (Primary Classes)

Civic Education

The need for Civic Education Civic education helps us to: Understand our rights; it helps us to know what to expect from the government. Understand our responsibilities; it helps us to understand what we should do for our country. Know how to practice democracy properly. Learn more about how our government works; it helps us […]

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Civic Education

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY Representative Democracy is a system of government in which people elect those that will rule over them in government. It is also a government in the majority of the people. Examples of countries that practice this system include: Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia, South Africa, U.S.A, Britain, France, Germany, Brazil, etc.   Features of Democracy

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Civic Education

FEDERATION (REASONS FOR ADOPTION)

A federation/federalism is a system of government in which powers of government are shared between two levels of government. Both the central and the component units. Reasons why countries adopt federal system of government: It is only suitable for a country with a large size. To avoid big or bigger nation dominate them. For defense,

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Civic Education

TIERS OF GOVERNMENT

TIERS OF GOVERNMENT Government is defined as an agency that carries out the functions or business of the state. It is an institution through which the state or country is ruled. The organs of government include the legislative (law making); the executive (enforcement of law); and the judiciary (interpretation of law). The three tiers of

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Civic Education

TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS

TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS The various types of constitutions include: Written Constitution: These are the laws of the country that are found in a single document (book) at a particular time. E.g. Nigeria 1999 constitution. Unwritten constitution: This is when all the important law of a country are found in many documents (but not in a

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Civic Education

EFFECTS OF ROAD ACCIDENT

EFFECTS OF ROAD ACCIDENT Accident can be defined as a sudden occurrence that causes injury on the victims/road users. It can also cause damage to the vehicles or properties There are three categories of accidents. Fatal accident – when life is lost Serious accident – when there are injuries Minor accident – when there are

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Civic Education

SOCIAL ISSUES (TRAFFIC RULES)

SOCIAL ISSUES (TRAFFIC RULES) Traffic means the movement of air – crafts, ships and vehicles from place to another. It also means the movement of people and goods from one place to another through the aid of vehicles, ships, trains and air-crafts. Traffic rules and regulations are laws governing the movement of people and goods,

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Civic Education

DEMOCRACY

DEMOCRACY Democracy is a system of government whereby the majority of people elect people (leaders) who rule over them. It is a government where adults/people take part in the governance of the state. It involves every citizen in a country to participate in the decision making of their country/state and society. Abraham Lincoln defines democracy

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Civic Education

FOLLOWERSHIP

FOLLOWERSHIP Followership: A follower is a person who takes to the instruction of a leader. Followership means a group of people who accept the leadership and authority of a person or group of persons. A call to leadership is a call to service while the followers must/should also pledge their support for their leader(s). However,

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Civic Education

NATIONAL SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING

NATIONAL SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING National symbols are marks, signs and objects for which the country is known/recognized. Examples of these natural symbols are the constitution, map pledge, Anthem, flag, coat of arms, currency and passports. (a) The constitution: is a body of rule and regulations which is used to govern a state or country.

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Civic Education

NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS

NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS Consciousness means the condition of being awake and able to understand what is happening around us. It also means a person’s ideas feelings or opinions about politics life and his environment. It also means awareness. Self-consciousness mean awareness about oneself, what one is, what he can do or what he has. Group consciousness

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Civic Education

OBLIGATIONS

 OBLIGATIONS Obligations are legal or moral duties of citizens towards their government and fellow citizens. They are compulsory functions which citizens perform towards the state, its agencies and to his fellow citizens. Types of Obligations Political Obligation Social/Civil Obligation Economic Obligation Political Obligations include: Obedience to the state, respect for natural symbol, & voting during

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Civic Education

SELF-RELIANCE

SELF-RELIANCE Self-reliance means the ability to do things by oneself without depending on other people to achieve the (set goals) them. It is the total transformation of a society without too much reliance/dependence on other country/society for development. Many people depend on others, for survival. This may be dangerous. But a self-reliant person or nation

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Civic Education

RIGHTS & DUTIES OF CITIZENS

RIGHTS & DUTIES OF CITIZENS Rights are legal entitlements enjoyed by people as guaranteed by law. These rights are also called the fundamental human rights. Human rights have their origin with the United Nations in 1948 which is termed Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Every member (nation) that is a member of the U.N. must

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Civic Education

CITIZENSHIP – RIGHTS OF CITIZENS

CITIZENSHIP: RIGHTS OF CITIZENS A citizen is a full-fledge member of a country. He enjoys all rights in the country as written in the constitution. A non-citizen does not enjoy all the rights citizens enjoy in any country where he/she stays. Citizenship can be acquired through birth, marriage and registration, by descent, naturalization, by honourary

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Civic Education

TYPES OF VALUES

TYPES OF VALUES Honesty means the quality of being truthful, honest and treating people fairly and sincerely The attributes of honestly The act of saying the truth and not telling lies or being biased. Respecting oneself and performing one’s job according to laid down rules. Being reliable and dependable Being obedient and faithful Hard work

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Civic Education

OUR VALUES

OUR VALUES Values are social and moral standards we apply to our day to day living or existence. They are thing of worth or strong beliefs that influence our everyday actions. Values differ from one person to another, groups and societies (communities). The summing up of these values determine our moral life and quality of

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Coat of arms of Nigeria

SCHEME OF WORK FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JSS 3

CIVIC EDUCATION JSS 3 SCHEME OF WORK FIRST TERM 1. Illiteracy- meaning, causes, consequences and solutions 2. Right Attitude to Work- meaning, attributes, rewards and consequences of not having the right attitude to work 3. Negative Behaviour- meaning, effects and ways of promoting positive behavioural changes 4. National Population Census- meaning, importance and problems 5.

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