Figures of Speech: Simile, Metaphor & Irony


Figures of speech are ways of creating imagery by using figurative language, through which we conjure the picture of two or more things into writing and thereby bringing out very aptly the quantity or idea we are presenting.



A simile is that figure of speech in which a likeness is definitely or formally expressed. It is introduced by “like” “as” e.t.c.


He runs like a hare

Her cheeks appear as the dawn of day.


It is a figure of speech founded on the resemblance. It is also used like simile to create a picture or images of events without using as or like.


The general, who is a lion in the field, has seen many wars.

He is no good at crickets, he has okro fingers.


It is the transfer of the quality of human being to animals and inanimate objects.


Let the floods clap their hands.

Confusion heard his voice.


It is also a device by which a writer expresses a contrary meaning, which appears contrary to the stated or ostensible one.


Charles is so brilliant that he passed one subject out of his nine papers.

He is such a good keeper that he conceded ten goals in the first half of the match.

RHETORICAL QUESTIONS: This is a kind of question which requires no answer.


A descriptive essay is the one that requires you to write a description of, for example, an object, a person, an animal, an incident or scene.

Let us examine how a descriptive essay question like   the following one should be treated.

“Describe a rainy day you will live to remember


Describe the ordinary details of a rain

Describe the kind of rain it was and how long it lasted

State the effects of the rain: both the comfort which the rain brought and the inconveniences or damages it caused

15 Places to WIN $10,000
15 Places to WIN $10,000 Cash

Do not limit your consideration to the area where you live (urban or rural)

Show great imagination in your description

The presentation of the essay should be logically arranged. Describe incidents that took place in the morning before moving on to those that followed in the afternoon, then, later in the evening.



We have eight diphthongs. They are two quality sounds. To realise their sounds, you must glide from the first to the second sound:

The eight diphthongs are these:

/ei/, /au/, /ai/, /эi/, /iƏ/, /eƏ/, /υƏ/


Spelling variants and words examples are:

“a” – cake, brake, make, lake, plate,

“ai” – braid, sail,

“ay” – May, day

“au” – gauge,

“ey” – they, hey, prey

“ei” – rein, reign, heinous

“e” – ballet, brought, chalet

“ee” – fiancée, nee

“ea” – great, break, steak

/ Əυ/- The long sound for letter “o”

As in:

“au” – chauffeur, faults

“o” – go, rote, note

“eo” – hoe, foe

“oa” – goat, both, road

“ou” – grow, thrown

“ew” – sew, sewn

“oo” – brooch


“ai” – aisle , naira

“ei” – height, either

“ey” – eye

“uy” – buy, guy

“ye” – bye, dye

“y” – Scythe, by, sky

“ie” – pie, tie, lie, die


“ou” – doubt, count, stout, about,

“au” –Nassau

“ow” – how, cow, allow

/Ɔi/ as in

“oi”- boil, oil, noise

“oy” – boy, employ

“uoy” – buoy, buoyant

/iƏ/ as in

“e” – era, period

“ea” – idea, pear, beard

“ere” – here, mere

“eer” – peer, sheer

“ier”-  pier, weir

“ir” – fakir

/eƏ/ – as in

“ir” – air , fair, hair

“are” – care, fare, dare

“ear”- bear, tear, wear

“ere”- there, where


/uƏ/ as in

“u” – plural , during

“ure” – pure,  cure, sure

“our” – tour

“oor” moor, boor, poor

Read also:

Kinds of Sentences | Simple, Multiple, Compound & Complex

Noun Phrase, Verb Phrase, Vocabulary Development & Spelling

Essay Writing: Types of Essays, Monothongs & Idioms

Phrasal verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions and Prepositions

Parts of Speech | Noun, Pronoun, Verb Adjective & Spelling

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